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January 1967 



In this issue: Special articles to help you 
with your family home evenings. 




Things are happening at BYU 




Yes, there's a lot going on at the big Church school, things you 
should know about — exciting sports, high academic achieve- 
ments, spiritual training in classes and 67 wards on campus, 
pride in a beautiful campus, exemplary conduct among highly 
motivated students. If you're going to be a part of it, there is 
more you should know. Keep in mind that the deadline for 
applications for admission in autumn 1967 is April 30, 1967. 
The American College Test must be taken by all freshmen; 
there is only one more date, Feb. 18, before the application 
deadline, and you must apply to take it by Jan. 28. Also, all 
new students will be interviewed; there is a $10 application 
fee; you must have good high school grades; new students 
are asked to have a physical examination. So, you see, going 
to BYU is special, but you must be sure you are prepared. 
Write to the Dean of Admissions and Records for information. 



BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 



P R O V O 



UTAH 



Memo to Our Readers: 



w 



ith this issue we unveil a new Improve- 
ment Era. From front cover to last page 
the magazine has been redesigned by our 
art staff, following guidelines laid down by 
the editors and managers. 

This is but another step in a continuing 
plan to make the Era more vital, vibrant, and 
valuable to the membership of the Church. 
We think that the new features that are 
continually being added and improved upon 
and the changes in makeup and layout you 
see this month are all for the better. We 
hope you will agree. 

The changes reflect the efforts of talented 
and devoted people; some are veterans of 
many years with the Era and some are new- 
comers to the staff. As the months go by 
we hope to make our readers better ac- 
quainted with them. 

The first change you may notice in this 
issue is that the advertisements, which have 
heretofore been grouped in the front and 
back of the magazine, are now scattered 
throughout its pages, beginning after some 
of the editorial features. We feel that this 
plan will prove popular with readers and 
advertisers alike, as it generally gives better 
display to both editorial and advertising 
matter. 

You will also see that all articles run 
continuously. The former plan was to be- 
gin some longer articles on front pages and 
continue them in columns toward the back 
of the magazine. The new arrangement 
should make for less confusion and better 
readability. 

Another major change is the moving of 
the Era of Youth section from the back of 
the magazine to the center. In this position 
it can be removed, if desirable, for easier 
reading by our young people and for wider 
use in MIA and seminary classes. 

Ln this issue we are pleased to present 
several articles supporting the inspired family 
home evening program of the Church. The 
cover photograph, reproduced from a color 
transparency by J M. Heslop, features the 
same group used on the cover of the current 
Family Home Evening Manual. 



^^g.h 



Managing Editor 



Official organ of the Priesthood Quorums, Mutual Improvement Associations. 
Home Teaching Committee, Music Committee, Church School System, and 
other agencies of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 




The Voice 
of the Church 

January 1967 

Volume 70, Number 1 



Regular Features 

2 The Editor's Page: Teach Faith, President David O. McKay 

4 Your Question: The Two Tables of Stone, 

President Joseph Fielding Smith 

10 The Era Asks: How Can We Improve Home Evening? 

32 Tips for Genealogists 

33 Era of Youth 

54, 56, 64, 65 The Spoken Word from Temple Square, Richard L. Evans 

59 Best of Movies, Howard Pearson 

62 Teaching: The Effective Teacher, A. LaVar Thornock 

65 Buffs and Rebuffs 

66 These Times: The American Presence in Asia, G. Homer Durham 
66 The Church Moves On 

68 Melchizedek Priesthood: Priesthood Brotherhood 

70 Presiding Bishopric's Page 

72 Today's Family: Adjust Your Life to Really Live, Florence B. Pinnock 

80 End of an Era 



Special Features 



6 

22 

24 

28 

30 

50 

60 

77 

14 



There Is a Law, Lowell L. Bennion 

The Home Evening, Harold B. Lee 

The Greatest Work in the World, Ezra Taft Benson 

Who Needs Home Evenings? The Family Home Evening Committee 

Letter to a Serviceman 

Here's How We Do It 

Parents' Dreams and Home Evening, Thelma de Jong 

Perils and Pearls of Home Evening, John J Stewart 

Stories, Poetry 

The Uncertain Promise, G. Morris Rowley 



14, 20, 58, 79, 80 Poetry 



The Improvement Era Offices, 79 South State, Salt Lake City, Utah 8411 1 

David 0, McKay and Richard L Evans, Editors; Doyle L. Green. Managing Editor; Albert L- ZobeN. Jr., Research Editor: Mabel Jones Gabbott, Jay M. Todd, 
Eleanor Knowles. Editorial Associates; Florence B. Pinnock, Today's Family Editor; Marion D. Hanks, Era of Youth Editor; Elaine Cannon, Era of Youth 
.\ssociate Editor; Keith Montague, Era of Youth Art Director; Ralph Reynolds, General Art Director; Norman F. Price, Staff Artist. 

G- Homer Durham. Franklin S. Harris, Jr., Hugh Nibley. Sidney B. Sperry. Alma A. Gardiner, Contributing Editors. 

G. Carlos Smith, Jr., General Manager: Florence S. Jacobsen, Associate General Manager; Verl F. Scott, Business Manager; A. Glen Snarr, Acting Business 

Manager and Subscription Director; Thayer Evans. S. Glenn Smith. Advertising Representatives. 

©General Superintendent, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1966, and published by the 

Mutual Improvement Associations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Subscription price. $3.00 a year, in advance; 

multiple subscriptions, 2 years, $5.75; 3 years. $8.25; each succeeding year. $2.50 a year added to the three-year price; 35$ single copy, except for 

special issues. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, as second-class matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, 

act of October 1917. authorized July 2, 1918. 

The Improvement Era is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts but welcomes contributions. Manuscripts are paid for on acceptance and must be 

accompanied by sufficient postage for delivery and return. 

Thirty days' notice is required for change of address. When ordering a change, please include address slip from a recent issue of the magazine. Address 

changes cannot be made unless the old address as well as the new one is included. 



Era I 



The Editor's Page 




By President David 0. McKay 




• We are a church of teachers: parents teaching mem- 
bers of their families in the home; teachers assigned 
to instruct in the priesthood, the Mutual Improvement 
Associations, Sunday School, Primary, and Relief 
Society; neighbors visiting neighbors in the home 
teaching program; and missionaries teaching the 
glorious restored gospel of Jesus Christ. 

Only a few individuals determine in life the way 
to go. The great majority follow, as the people of 
ancient Israel followed. If the teacher or leader is 
false, the followers go on a false road. If the leader- 
ship is true, the followers are led on true paths, Thus 
upon the teacher rests much of the responsibility of 
leading society to a high level. 

Teachers: Yours is the responsibility to teach not 
only by precept, but also by example. 

In one of the great revelations found in the Doctrine 
and Covenants (the Prophet Joseph designated this 
one as "the Olive Leaf" ) , we find these words : 

"And as all have not faith, seek ye diligently and 



teach one another words of wisdom; yea, seek ye out 
of the best books words of wisdom; seek learning, 
even by study and also by faith. 

"Organize yourselves; prepare every needful thing; 
and establish a house, even a house of prayer, a house 
of fasting; a house of faith, a house of learning, a 
house of glory, a house of order, a house of God; 

"That your incomings may be in the name of the 
Lord; that your outgoings may be in the name of the 
Lord; that all your salutations may be in the name 
of the Lord, with uplifted hands unto the Most High." 
(D&C 88:118-120.) 

Faith is the first principle of the gospel and should 
always be taught above all else. What should we 
teach of faith? We should first of all teach implicit 
faith in Jesus Christ as the light of the world, and a 
sincere desire to serve God. This condition of the 
soul will merit the companionship and guidance of 
the Holy Spirit. 

Each teacher must have unfeigned love for those 



Jan 


2 










4 




being taught, guided by a determination to deal 
justly and impartially with each member of the group. 
Honor them, and they will honor you. 

Thorough preparation is essential if a teacher is to 
be successful. He needs to study the student, as well 
as the lesson. 

Teachers of the gospel must exhibit cheerfulness, 
not forced, but natural cheerfulness springing spon- 
taneously from a hopeful soul. 

Every teacher has the responsibility of setting such 
a worthy example that he might say, as the Great 
Teacher said: ". . . ye should do as I have done to 
you." (John 13:15.) 

Teach what you feel. Teach by example, and "let 
your light so shine before men, that they may see 
your good works, and glorify your Father which is 
in heaven." (Matt. 5:16.) The sun is to the earth's 
solar system what the heart is to one's physical body; 
so Christ should be to our intellectual and spiritual 
life. 



To obtain true happiness and success in life, one 
should ever follow the admonition of the Savior: 
". . . seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his 
righteousness; and all these things shall be added 
unto you." (Matt. 6:33.) 

A good teacher therefore realizes that his most 
important goals in teaching are, first, to inspire the 
student to love the gospel and to love to study it, 
and second, to teach him how to study it. 

My faith gives to me an assurance that God is truly 
my Father, and that therefore I have inherited his 
immortality. 

So far as the ante-mortal state of man is concerned, 
I rejoice in the fact that he was "in the beginning 
with the Father." My faith is a constant inspira- 
tion to me to search always for truth and to seek 
ever for that which is "virtuous, lovely, or of good 
report or praiseworthy." May we all, teachers as well 
as students, have such faith to guide and sustain 
us always. o 



Era 3 



Your Question 



Answered by President 
Joseph Fielding Smith 



The Two Tables 
of Stone 
Written by the Finger of 

God 



question: A new member in Norway asked the following question 
in relation to the two tables of stone, written by the finger of God, 
which Moses threw down and broke when he saw the children of Israel 
acting in a foolish manner. "I understand that the Lord modified what 
he had first written and denied to Israel some promised blessings that 
were on the first tables. Is this so?" 



ANSWER: It is true that when 
Moses broke the first tables, the 
Lord prepared other tables "like 
unto the first." It is unfortunate 
that the Lord had to modify the 
second tables, because in some re- 
spects they were not exactly like 
the first. We have learned through 
modern revelation that parts of 
the first recorded counsel were 
changed. For instance, here is 
part of the counsel the Lord gave 
to Moses after the breaking of the 
tables, found in the scriptures re- 
vealed to the Prophet Joseph Smith: 
"And the Lord said to Moses, 
Hew thee two other tables of stone, 
like unto the first, and I will write 
upon them also, the words of the 
law, according as they were written 
at first on the tables which thou 
brakest; but it shall not be accord- 
ing to the first, for I will take away 
the priesthood out of their midst; 
therefore my holy order, and the 
ordinances thereof, shall not go 
before them; for my presence shall 



not go up in their midst, lest I 
destroy them. 

"But I will give unto them the 
law as at the first, but it shall be 
after the law of a carnal command- 
ment; for I have sworn in my 
wrath, that they shall not enter 
into my presence, into my rest, 
in the days of their pilgrimage. 
Therefore do as I have commanded 
thee, and be ready in the morning, 
and come up in the morning unto 
mount Sinai, and present thyself 
there to me, in the top of the 
mount. 

"And no man shall come up with 
thee, neither let any man be seen 
throughout all the mount; neither 
let the flocks nor herds feed before 
that mount. 

"And Moses hewed two tables 
of stone like unto the first; and he 
rose up early in the morning, and 
went up unto mount Sinai, as the 
Lord had commanded him, and 
took in his hand the two tables of 
stone. 



"And the Lord descended in the 
cloud, and stood with him there, 
and proclaimed the name of the 
Lord. 

"And the Lord passed by before 
him, and proclaimed, The Lord, 
The Lord God, merciful and 
gracious, long-suffering, and abun- 
dant in goodness and truth, 

"Keeping mercy for thousands, 
forgiving iniquity and transgres- 
sion and sin, and that will by no 
means clear the rebellious; visiting 
the iniquity of the fathers upon the 
children, and upon the children's 
children, unto the third and to the 
fourth generation. 

"And Moses made haste, and 
bowed his head towards the earth, 
and worshipped." (Exod. 34:1-8, 
Inspired Version of the Bible. ) 

So we read in the Prophet's edi- 
tion of the Bible. This agrees 
perfectly with what the Lord has 
given us by revelation in the Doc- 
trine and Covenants, Section 84, 
verses 19-27. 

"And this greater priesthood ad- 
ministereth the gospel and holdeth 
the key of the mysteries of the 
kingdom, even the key of the 
knowledge of God. 

"Therefore, in the ordinances 
thereof, the power of godliness is 
manifest. 



Jan 


4 



"And without the ordinances 
thereof, and the authority of the 
priesthood, the power of godliness 
is not manifest unto men in the 
flesh; 

"For without this no man can 
see the face of God, even the 
Father, and live. 

"Now this Moses plainly taught 
to the children of Israel in the 
wilderness, and sought diligently 
to sanctify his people that they 
might behold the face of God; 

"But they hardened their hearts 
and could not endure his presence; 
therefore, the Lord in his wrath, for 
his anger was kindled against them, 
swore that they should not enter 
into his rest while in the wilderness, 
which rest is the fulness of his 
glory. 

"Therefore, he took Moses out of 
their midst, and the Holy Priest- 
hood also; 

"And the lesser priesthood con- 
tinued, which priesthood holdeth 
the keys of the ministering of 
angels and the preparatory gospel; 

"Which gospel is the gospel of 
repentance and of baptism, and 
the remission of sins, and the law 
of carnal commandments, which 
the Lord in his wrath caused to 
continue with the house of Aaron 
among the children of Israel until 
John, whom God raised up, being 
filled with the Holy Ghost from 
his mother's womb." 

It might seem to some that the 
Lord was rather harsh with Israel 
by making this decree, leaving 
them with the law of Moses but 
denying them the fullness of the 
gospel. However, a closer study 
of the situation will show that the 
Lord used wisdom in making these 
restrictions. Evidently the time had 
not come for the complete restora- 
tion, and it was divine wisdom to 
restrict the Israelites and give 
them a "schoolmaster" until the 
coming of our Redeemer, when the 
gospel's fullness was restored. O 

















There Is a Law 



» • • 



By Lowell L. Bennion 



young, over-burdened 

mothers learned the 

strength and 

encouragement 

of her skilled hands; 

little children 

in the 

neighborhood 

knew her love. 



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tt^mM 



•"^*»*#«^«,.K^*'-*" *^v*^j*t.J&*: 



Illustrated by Dale Bryner \ 




Lowell L. Bennion, associate dean of students at the Uni- 
versity of Utah and member of the youth coordinating 
committee, has long been a stimulating contributor to 
Latter-day Saint thought and author of numerous courses 
of study used in Church auxiliaries. 



• We often attend funerals for persons who seemed to 
be at the beginning of life's calling, or who seemed 
to be the driving force of an important project, the 
results of which could benefit all mankind. A tragic 
accident has taken someone, or a disease has come 
swiftly, undetected, and fatally. Why are such choice 
persons taken at a time when the future promised so 
much? Explanations are given by speakers at the 
services, but these consoling words sometimes fail 
in their avowed purpose. 

Like Job of old, we too cannot comprehend the 
ways of the Creator, but are likely to darken "counsel 
by words without knowledge." (Job 38:2.) With him 
we are willing to walk by faith, because now we only 
"see through a glass, darkly. ..." (1 Cor. 13:12.) We 
also confirm in our minds these words found in Isaiah: 

"For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither 
are your ways my ways, saith the Lord. 

"For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so 
are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts 
than your thoughts." (Isa. 55:8-9.) 

And we are quite willing to follow the advice of 
Jacob, son of Lehi: 

"Wherefore, brethren, seek not to counsel the Lord, 
but to take counsel from his hand. For behold, ye 
yourselves know that he counseleth in wisdom, and 
in justice, and in great mercy, over all his works." 
(Jac. 4:10.) 

Although we have neither a full nor a completely 
satisfactory answer to the tragedies and misfortunes 
that befall us, there is in the restored gospel of Jesus 
Christ a teaching that casts considerable light on the 
perplexing subject at hand. It gives us at least one 
fundamental anchor from which to plan our living. 

"There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven 
before the foundations of this world, upon which all 
blessings are predicated— 

"And when we obtain any blessing from God [or 
from life], it is by obedience to that law upon which 
it is predicated." (D&C 130:20-21.) 

This principle— blessings by obedience to law or its 
counterpart— is seen in every walk of life. A young 
doctor friend, brilliant and dedicated, began his 
medical career by working day and night to meet 
his heavy financial obligations. His knowledge of the 
body's need for rest has not spared him the conse- 
quences of disobedience. He has had repeated heart 
attacks, and still he continues to defy nature's laws. 



A widow lost her second and only surviving son 
in World War II. She stood alone without anyone 
close of kin to sustain her. Self-pity occupied her 
thoughts and feelings increasingly. She consulted her 
family physician; he found nothing organically wrong 
with her and tried to persuade her that she was in 
good health. She would not be persuaded and con- 
tinued in her downhill path. One day the doctor 
decided, in desperation, to take drastic measures. 
When she came to his office again, he said, "Sister 
Martinson, do you believe in the gospel of Jesus 
Christ?" 

She was shocked. "Why, of course I do. I pray 
daily, fast monthly, go to church regularly, pay my 
tithes. You know I believe." 

He replied, "Well, if you don't start living certain 
of its principles better than you do, you will become 
a burden to yourself and to this community." 

"What do you mean?" she asked, quite upset. 

He answered, "Jesus said, Tor whosoever will save 
his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life 
for my sake shall find it.' (Matt. 16:25.) This is, I 
believe, your greatest need. If you will live by this 
principle, you will get well." 

Somewhat chagrined, she went home, reflected, 
and changed her whole way of life. Her thoughts 
turned from self to others. She took fresh bread to the 
sick and afflicted; young, over-burdened mothers 
learned the strength and encouragement of her skilled 
hands; little children in the neighborhood knew her 
love. This woman found a joy in living that she had 
never known before, not even in the days made secure 
by the presence of loved ones. 

"There is a law, . . ." and when we obtain any 
blessing from life it is by obedience to that particular 
law upon which that particular blessing is predicated. 
If we wish to come home safely from a ride in the 
car, we obey the laws of safe driving and even prac- 
tice defensive driving. If we wish to enjoy health, 
we keep the laws of health. If we wish to enjoy 
mental health, we learn that it is more blessed to give 
than to receive. 

Some of us seem to live by the dangerous assump- 
tion that if we belong to Christ's Church, believe in 
his gospel, and say our prayers, all will be well with 
us. We are surprised when misfortune strikes despite 
our living by such faith. What is wrong? We forget 
that we live in a law-abiding universe and that par- 



Era! 7 




Excellent service in the mission field 



Bfojt&&***J*a*£2** ! ** 



ticular laws govern particular situations. And, while 



This experience opened my eyes. I have since 

verified it two or three times. "There is a law in 

banking." It matters not what else is going on in 

one's life; neglect in this area brings embarrassing 

\ consequences. 

| Frequently some returned missionaries who come 
to me for counseling are failing in their studies. 
Why? They are good lads who have served the Lord 
with joy, but they have not learned the laws of study. 
Some, distracted by financial, romantic, and personal 
problems, are poor students. Others have learned 
how to study, do very well, and demonstrate remark- 
able improvement and maturity. Excellent service 
in the mission field does not save a student from the 
consequences of poor study habits. 

One night on a train coming from Laramie, Wyo- 
ming, a number of men were celebrating D wight D. 
Eisenhower's first presidential victory. One of the 
men, who was serving drinks to those who drank, 
later asked me, "Where are you from?" 

"Utah," I replied. 

"I thought so. You see, I'm a Mormon, too," he 
said, "but a 'J ac ik Mormon.' My folks still live in 
Salt Lake. When I go to see them, I stay at the hotel, 
sweeten my breath, and visit them the next day." 

As he talked, he had my sympathy. And I was 
grateful— though not boastfully— that I could go di- 
rectly to my folks upon arriving in town. Then he 
told me of the wonderful time he had with his teen- 
age children. Together they had built a cabin near 
Long Beach, California, where they spent weekends 



there is a great deal of overlap and interlacing among leisurely reading books and talking about ideas. He 



the relationships and laws of life, it is not enough 
simply to live "the good life" in general. We must 
learn to live it in specific ways as well. Let me 
illustrate: 

One day my banker called in the middle of the 
month and said, "Your account is overdrawn $156.35. 
Don't be alarmed; I just thought you should know." 
I apologized and was truly surprised. What was the 
explanation? I waited until the first of the month 
and found that as usual there was no error in the 
bank's bookkeeping. During the month I had said 
my prayers and paid my tithing, but I was still over- 
drawn. Why? I had misplaced my checkbook and 
had written checks quite freely without keeping 
track. My wife, a woman of strong faith and Chris- 



had their confidence. He described a family life that 
would make many devoted Latter-day Saints envious. 
With all of his neglect of precious things in the gospel 
—the Word of Wisdom, worship, church service, and 
much more— still in one particular thing, in close ties 
with his children, he was obedient to those particular 
laws that brought this about. 

The farmer either learns respect for the laws of 
nature or he will go out of business. He doesn't say 
his prayers, meet his obligations in church, and then 
leave his land to be plowed, planted, weeded, irri- 
gated, and harvested, and his crops to be sold by the 
invisible hand of the Lord. Quite the contrary: 
he arises from morning prayers and goes to work in 
particular ways. If he leaves out one step of his 



tian dedication, had made expenditures from my part farming process, such as planting the seed, there is 

of the budget without bothering to tell me. We were no harvest. 

in the red because we had not obeyed two simple This same logic applies everywhere. We live a 

rules of banking: (1) bookkeeping and (2) spending complex life that depends on many laws we must 

less than one has. learn to obey. If I don't smoke but beat my wife, I 



JanT8 



does not save a student from the consequences of poor study habits. 



may be free from lung cancel*, but I shall destroy 
my marriage. 

I keep a Jersey cow; I don't go to church and 
worship the Lord and pay tithing so she will give 
more milk. If I want more milk from the cow, then 
I should obey the laws on which milk production 
depends. I should go to a dairyman and learn what 
to feed her; I should milk her regularly, provide 
pleasant music, bed her comfortably, and so forth. 

I go to church to worship the Lord and to share 
spiritual fellowship and service with brothers and 
sisters. I pay tithing as a gift to the Lord and his 
work— a modest offering for the abundance the Cre- 
ator has given to me and mine. Each principle and 
practice in the gospel bears its own good fruit. 

Many people living in this scientific age look upon 
religion as something emotional, ethereal, and out of 
touch with reality. I am deeply grateful for the 
emphasis in Mormonism on laws and on rationality 
in life and in religion. It is true that much in religion 
rests on faith and feeling, even as life itself depends 
upon and consists of these things that go beyond 
reason. Nevertheless, we believe that the gospel 
contains laws of life, laws of personal growth, of 
human relations, of moral and spiritual living, laws 
that are just as valid in their field of operation as are 
the laws of nature in the world of natural phenomena. 

This law-abiding, rational emphasis in religion re- 
ceived marked impetus in the law and the prophets 
of the Old Testament. In the law of Moses, the 
people were taught to do away with irrational media 
as a way of resolving issues. 

"There shall not be found among you any one that 
maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the 
fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, 
or an enchanter, or a witch, 

"Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, 
or a wizard, or a necromancer. 

"For all that do these things are an abomination 
unto the Lord. . . ." (Deut. 18:10-12.) 

"And Moses . . . spake unto all Israel, saying, Take 
heed, and hearken, O Israel; this day thou art become 
the people of the Lord thy God. 

"Thou shalt therefore obey the voice of the Lord 
thy God, and do his commandments and his statutes, 
which I command thee this day." (Deut. 27:9-10.) 

Ancient Israel was slow to learn obedience to the 
law. The great prophets of Israel who wrote reiter- 
ated the earlier law of Moses and made obedience to 
ethical principles between man and man an even 
larger part of the religious life: 

"O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, 



what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a 
morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away." 
(Hos. 6:4.) 

"My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: 
because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also 
reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing 
thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also 
forget thy children." (Hos. 4:6.) 

It is peculiarly fitting that with the restored gospel 
we again receive the emphasis on the significance of 
laws in religion. This is in keeping with the finest 
tradition of the Old Testament and is also consistent 
in principle with the wisdom of the Greeks and the 
world of modern science. The Prophet Joseph Smith 
learned that it was not enough even to talk with Deity 
and with angels. He and his co-believers must also 
organize themselves and become students of the 
world the Creator has made, a world of law and 
order. This was beautifully portrayed as early as 
1832 in Section 88 of Doctrine and Covenants. Note 
these verses: 

"And again, verily I say unto you, that which is 
governed by law is also preserved by law and per- 
fected and sanctified by the same." 

"And unto every kingdom is given a law; and unto 
every law there are certain bounds also and conditions. 

"All beings who abide not in those conditions are 
not justified. 

"For intelligence cleave th unto intelligence; wisdom 
receiveth wisdom; truth embraceth truth; virtue loveth 
virtue; light cleaveth unto light. . . ." (D&C 88:34, 
38-40.) 

. . . the assumption that if we 
belong to Christ's 

Church, believe in the gospel, 
and say our prayers . . . 

If obedience to law is fundamental to life and 
religion, what of faith and grace? The emphasis on 
knowledge and law stressed here need not minimize 
or detract from these. Faith itself is a law of life, 
congenial to human nature and fundamental to the 
whole gospel plan. It is the power to act without 
knowing the outcome of one's action. Without faith, 
there is no real creation in the realm of the spirit. 
But faith is no substitute for knowledge. It should 
lead us to knowledge, for obedience to knowledge is 



Era 9 



the chief means of realizing our goals, even within 
religion. Of what value, for example, is faith in 
Christ if it does not lead to repentance, to a covenant 
to keep his commandments and live by his laws? 

Likewise, there is much grace in the gospel of 
Jesus Christ. The Savior himself, under the direction 
of the Father, gave us life on earth, the resurrection, 
his spirit, his gospel, the promise of forgiveness, and 
the gifts of the Holy Ghost and the priesthood. How- 
ever, as the Doctrine and Covenants says, "For what 
doth it profit a man if a gift is bestowed upon him, 
and he receive not the gift? Behold, he rejoices not 
in that which is given unto him, neither rejoices in 
him who is the giver of the gift." (D&C 88:33.) 

Of what value is earth life if we live it out of 
harmony with those laws that give it meaning and 
make it self-fulfilling? Of what value is forgiveness 
if we do not repent and cannot receive it? Of what 
value is the light of Christ if we turn away from it 
and prefer to live in darkness? Of what value is the 
resurrection if we suffer a spiritual death? 

Truly, "There is a law, irrevocably decreed in 
heaven before the foundations of this world, upon 
which all blessings are predicated— 

"And when we obtain any blessing from God, it is 
by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated." 

Latter-day Saints enjoy no special privileges in the 
world of nature or in the universe. The Father 
"maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, 
and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust." 
(Matt. 5:45.) 

Briefly we have discussed some of the problems 
that are faced in mortality. In each case the law of 
cause and effect has been cited. The keeper of God's 
law of health will be benefited even though he has 
never heard it called the Word of Wisdom. A driver 
who operates his car within the law may never have 
trouble even though he has never heard a discussion 
on safe driving. For centuries men received the 
benefits of obeying the law of gravity before that 
law was ever cited and defined. This being true, 
men perhaps are reaping the benefits of other laws 
that are not yet fully understood. Surely there is 
special help that even now comes to us from the 
Father: for instance, the healing of the sick through 
administration, and the special blessings that come 
from the payment of tithes. Each blessing, although 
not now fully understood, must surely have its own 
cause and effect. "And when we obtain any blessing 
from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which 
it is predicated." The blessings are there, and there 
is a law we must live to receive each of them. O 



The Era Asks 

How 

Can We 
Improve 
Home 
Evening? 

This month's interview departs 
from our usual style in that the 
following questions are a sample 
of many that have been voiced 
since the inception of the remark- 
able family home evening pro- 
gram. Responses are from the 
combined thought of home evening 
committee members. The Era en- 
courages any who have questions 
concerning home evening to send 
us their queries. Questions will 
be forwarded to the committee 
members, and their responses will 
appear periodically in the Era. 



Jan | 10 



Q — Our family is very active in 
the Church and we also take part 
in school and community affairs. 
How can we find time to add home 
evening to our crowded schedule? 
A— Time for home evening can be 
found only when parents decide 
that this time together with their 
children is vital. This may well 
require reevaluation of present 
family activities. 

At a recent gathering of several 
couples (the men were members 
of a high council), it was found 
that only three of the couples 
were holding home evening regu- 
larly. 

When these couples were asked 
how they found time for home 
evening, they said they considered 
it too important to let other things 
interfere. Once they had made 
up their minds to its value, they 
had no problem in setting aside 
the time. 

Q — How long should home eve- 
ning be? 

A— This depends upon the indi- 
vidual family, and the time could 
vary from week to week, accord- 
ing to the activities. A successful 
home evening can be held for very 
young children in about 20 min- 
utes. 

Older children and adults may 
enjoy a longer period. No good 
discussion should be cut off for 
the sake of keeping to a rigid 
time schedule. Good planning can 
shorten the time and heighten the 
interest. Parents should be con- 
siderate of study schedules of high 
school and college students and 
plan accordingly. One mother 
found the resentment of her teen- 
ager toward home evening dis- 
appear when she consulted with 
him about his ideas regarding the 
day and time. 

Q — I have difficulty finding time 
to make the suggested visual aids. 
How important is it to use them? 



A— Visual aids have been included 
to make the lesson more interest- 
ing and to clarify points in such a 
way that they will be remembered. 
Charts, drawings, and quotes for 
the bulletin board have purposely 
been kept simple. They can be 
done quickly on blackboard, news- 
print, or butcher paper. Many busy 
parents assign older children to 
make the visual aids. Time spent 
preparing fancy, complicated 
charts and items for the bulletin 
board could perhaps be better 
spent in developing a clear manner 
of presenting the gospel principle 
under discussion. 

Q — Our family members under- 
stand that they must not miss 
home evening for trivial reasons. 



fully, yet he cannot get good re- 
sponse to the questions, particu- 
larly from our teenagers. Do teen- 
agers naturally resist gospel teach- 
ing, or is there some better 
method of teaching? 
A— Those conducting home evening 
should avoid a "lesson" atmosphere. 
This should be a happy time to- 
gether, a time when gospel prin- 
ciples are explored in a friendly, 
warm, and informal setting. All 
answers to questions should be 
accepted with respect. You will 
never know what your children 
are thinking or how you can help 
them with their problems unless 
you listen respectfully. One teen- 
ager said to a friend: "I wish I 
could come to your home evenings 




Occasionally one must be absent 
for an important reason. How can 
we help him feel a part of the 
lesson he misses? 

A— One mother said that she asks 
the absent family member to read 
the manual in advance of home 
evening and talk over the lesson 
with her. During home evening 
she gives the contributions of the 
absent member, and later, per- 
haps the next day, she gives an 
account of home evening to him. 
Q — In presenting the lesson my 
husband follows the manual care- 



instead of ours. You have so much 
fun and are able to talk about any- 
thing with your parents. At our 
home evenings I feel that if I don't 
answer the questions exactly as 
my father wants them answered, 
he is disappointed and critical 
of me." 

Q — We have home evening and 
carry out the assignments. The 
children show some improvement 
at the time, but later they slip 
back into their old habits. How 
can we get better results? 
A— Parents need to remember that 



Era 11 



learning to live the gospel takes a 
lifetime. Patient repetition is re- 
quired in the training of children. 
The same principle must be taught 
over and over so the child hope- 
fully will experience putting it into 
practice in his own life. Each time 
a child has a small experience in 
good behavior, he is building good 
character. 

Q — What is the value of everyone 
in the family having his own copy 
of each of the standard works? 
A— This gives each individual a 
personal interest in the scriptures. 
It gives experience in finding 
references. Also, educational re- 
search has shown that reading 
combined with hearing leaves a 
more lasting memory. 



they are certainly too elementary 
for us. I think we should read a 
good book together or just study 
the scriptures.' She then asked 
if it would be all right if she were 
to give the lesson the following 
week, to which I, of course, agreed. 
When she presented the lesson, 
she left out the material for chil- 
dren and talked about the lesson 
idea as it applied to us. I felt 
challenged and had to agree that 
as I tried to carry out the assign- 
ment it made a difference in our 
home. Since then we have had a 
lesson almost every week. We no 
longer think, 'How much do we 
know about this subject?' but 
rather, 'How well are we living it?' 
I believe we have had more 




Q — We are an older couple, well 
versed in the gospel. The lessons 
seem to be planned for families. 
How can we use them? 

A— Each lesson is based upon a 
basic gospel truth that can be 
applied to the lives of older couples 
as well as to the lives of children. 
A former bishop, now retired from 
his business, said: 

"When the home evening manual 
first came out, I gave two lessons, 
then put the book down in disgust 
and said to my wife, 'These may be 
fine for families with children, but 



spiritual growth during the past 
year and a half than during any 
other similar period of time in our 
lives." 

Q — What can I do about home 
evening if my husband isn't 
interested? 

A— Love and patience on the part 
of a wife and mother, along with a 
firm desire to have her family 
meet together and explore the gos- 
pel, have converted many fathers 
to family lessons. One mother, 
sensing that her husband did not 
favor family lessons, talked to him 



about taking time to play games, 
sing, and just be together as a 
family. As part of the entertain- 
ment she frequently told stories 
from the home evening manual. 
Family discussions often followed 
the stories. After several weeks, 
she suggested to her husband that 
he present one of the stories and 
gave him the manual from which 
to prepare it. After he had read 
the story, he read the lesson and, 
to his wife's surprise, presented 
much of the lesson and the scrip- 
ture, as well as the story. This 
family now holds regular family 
lessons. 

Another father said, "I started 
home evening only because it 
seemed to be so important to my 
wife. At first I was skeptical, but 
I have seen the value of getting 
together as a family and know that 
exploring the gospel together is 
helping us all." 

Q — My husband is shy about con- 
ducting home evening. How can I 
help him? 

A— Many fathers who at first feel 
shy about presenting lessons grad- 
ually gain confidence. A wife 
can help by always recognizing the 
father as head of the house and 
encouraging him to preside over 
the meeting, even though she gives 
the lessons, and also by helping 
him to take part in the discussions. 
One father said, "I never knew 
how interested my children would 
be in how I felt about things." A 
recent survey showed that many 
families listed the increased confi- 
dence of the husband and father 
as one of the benefits of home 
evening. In several cases the 
father had enough confidence in 
himself to accept a position in the 
Church. 

Q — We haven't finished the 1966 
lessons. Should we continue these 
lessons or skip those we missed 
and start with the 1967 manual? 



Janl 12 



A— It is better to begin with the 
1967 lessons. One mother said, 
"When my husband and I realized 
what we must skip to be current, 
we knew that our family would 
have profited greatly from the 
lessons they missed. We have now 
resolved not to get behind." 
Q — How can we interest all of our 
children in home evening when 
their age span is from two to 
eighteen? 

A— Parents with this situation have 
said that it is most important for 
the entire family to be together for 
a time. Therefore, most of these 
families hold a short meeting 
planned on the level of the young- 
est children. Older children under- 
stand that this time is for the 
younger ones and are invited to 
take part in giving stories, answer- 
ing questions, and leading songs to 
help teach their younger brothers 
and sisters. The older children 
enjoy doing this, and they gain 
valuable experience. Younger chil- 
dren are then excused to play 
quietly while the parents and older 
children continue by discussing the 
lesson ideas on an elevated plane. 
Sometimes babies and children are 
tucked into bed. 

One family has the two older 
girls prepare and give a lesson to 
the young children prior to the 
family meeting. The younger 
children then seem to be more 
interested in the lesson as it is 
presented to the older children. 
If the young children become rest- 
less, they are allowed to play 
quietly in the room or go to their 
own rooms to play. 

Refreshment time following the 
lesson is a time for all members 
of the family. 

Q — What is a good plan of 
preparation for home evening? 
A— A recent survey showed that 
there are three important steps 
common to parents who felt that 



their home evenings were extremely 
successful: 

1. Parents read the manual 
separately, at a time most con- 
venient to each. 

2. Parents together discuss the 
points their family needs most in 
order to adapt material to ages of 
the family and to decide on assign- 
ments to be made. 

3. Assignments are made, includ- 
ing such things as stories to be 
given, charts and other visual aids 
to be made, typing to be done, and 
refreshments. 

Q — Our teenager is reluctant to 

join us in home evening. How can 

we get her to participate more 

willingly? 

A— Despite their independent atti- 



we should not insist. My husband 
and I evaluated our relationship 
with our son. We discovered that 
our only contact with him for the 
past several months had been at 
times when we were criticizing him 
or scolding him for something he 
hadn't done. We made opportuni- 
ties to talk with him, to show 
interest in something he was doing. 
We made it a point not to criticize 
him in anger nor to belittle him, 
but to talk over things that needed 
correction in a matter-of-fact way. 
I made his favorite dessert for him 
and told him how much I enjoyed 
doing things for him. Several 
months later when I asked him if 
he wanted to join us in home 
evening, he said, 'Sure, Mom, if you 




tudes, teenagers need frequent re- 
assurance that they are loved and 
needed by their parents and other 
family members. One mother said, 
"Our 18-year-old son made excuses 
to be away from home the first two 
times we held family night. The 
third time he was at home, studying 
in his room. When I asked him to 
join us, he refused, saying he was 
busy— and besides, we didn't need 
him. My husband thought we 
should force him to attend, but 
something in the way he had said 
you don't need me' made me think 



really want me.' " 
Q — How can we avoid home 
evening's becoming just another 
lesson period? 

A— Home evenings should not have 
the atmosphere of a formal lesson. 
Rather than an academic discus- 
sion, parents should help family 
members see how a gospel prin- 
ciple fits into their lives. But 
there is also a place for dialogue 
between family members on the 
meaning and depth of the princi- 
ple. Most important, this allows 
parents a feedback from youth 



Era 13 



concerning their understanding of 
the principle. Through activities 
and discussion in a friendly home 
atmosphere, family members can 
come to a clearer understanding of 
the principle and decide how they 
can best use it in their lives. 
Emphasis should be on living the 
principle. 

Q — How can we get family in- 
volvement and participation? 
A— Each lesson should be adapted 
to the individual family. If the 
family is a couple, they might 
alternate giving the lesson. In a 
larger family there are many op- 
portunities for participation. As- 
signments could include leading 
the singing, giving the prayers, 
telling stories, reading scriptures, 
making charts and other visual 
aids, preparing refreshments, and 
getting the room ready. Those con- 
ducting should always try to in- 
clude everyone in the discussion 
and other activities, being particu- 
larly sensitive to those who are shy 
or uncomfortable in a group dis- 
cussion. A family member's en- 
thusiasm for home evening is often 
in proportion to his involvement. 



Q — We enjoy getting together as a 
family, but we would rather spend 
the time playing musical instru- 
ments than giving regular lessons. 
Is there any objection to this? 
A— Spending time together in an 
enjoyable way is a blessing to any 
family and an important part of 
home evening. However, for par- 
ents to fulfill their responsibilities 
to their children and to do as the 
Lord commanded, they must teach 
their children the gospel. The home 
evening manual has been written 
as an aid to parents in order that 
they might teach basic gospel prin- 
ciples to their families in a clear 
and orderly way. An effort has 
been made to include activities 
that would help supply social needs 
of the family and make home 
evening an enjoyable learning 
experience. 

One parent said: "We had our 
own ideas about how we could 



Viewpoint 
By Helen Sue Isely 

Valley-lovers, look! 
Mountains cut purple canyons 
Through blue miles of sky. 



best teach the gospel to our chil- 
dren. After making our plans and 
trying them out for several weeks, 
we found it very difficult to find 
the time to make our own lessons 
effective. We turned to the home 
evening manual and were delighted 
with the results. We know now 
that we are not in a position to 
prepare a course for our family 
because of the tremendous research 
and detail required." 
Q — Should two or more families 
meet together for home evening? 
A— Generally speaking, home eve- 
ning is more successful when each 
family meets by itself. This is a 
time for families to talk about their 
problems, explore the meaning of 
the gospel principles, and decide 
how they can better live the gospel 
idea presented. Families that have 
met with neighbors or relatives 
report that children are not com- 
fortable in this situation and will 
not ask questions or give state- 
ments as freely as when they meet 
in their own individual family. 
However, the activity lessons may 
be an excellent opportunity to join 
with other families, o 






s 

s 
\ 



A 



A* 



The Uncertain Promise 

(Part I) 

• Betty Carlson was looking straight at the ceiling, Betty stood in the Relief Society room beside Tom. 

but she wasn't seeing it. From her hospital bed, Her parents and friends were seated quietly by. The 

she was really looking at her memories. Becky, her bishop made a genuine effort to make the ceremony 

tiny newborn daughter, lay snuggled in her arms, impressive. (He had said something in his pre- 

Although the baby was red and scrawny and "all liminary remarks about temple marriage.) She was 

mouth," as Tom had said, she was fine and already remembering the long, white train, the lace-trimmed, 

beginning to gain weight. full-length dress, the bouquet, the ring. 

It seemed such a short time, just a year ago, since It had been a good year. They had moved into 



Jan 14 



Illustrated by Trevor Southey 




By G. Morris Rowley 



The Era welcomes back to its pages G. Morris Rowley, author 
of "Summer of Decision" (May 1964), one of the best-loved 
Era stories. President Rowley is first counselor in the 
Murray South Stake presidency and coordinator of elementary 
education for the State of Utah. 



their new home, and the insurance business had 
been profitable. 

Now Betty remembered Tom's return from the 
service. What a soldier! What a car! What a 
romance! When he came home her teaching career 
gradually reduced in significance as her interest in a 
life with Tom became more and more important. 
And three months to the day after his return, they 



were married. Now, a year later, little Becky stepped 
into the picture. 

"Becky. My child," she thought. "It isn't easy to 
get used to the idea. My baby!" She almost said 
it aloud. 

Moments before she was aware of it, Tom had 
entered the room. He stood there, silent, just look- 
ing at her. At length she felt his presence, turned, 



Era, 15 



and stretched her arms out toward him. . 

"Hi, darling," she said. 

Tom stuffed his cigarette in the ash tray and 
kissed her gently. 

"You're getting out of here today," he said. "I 
have your release right here in my pocket. And I 
hate to think what it cost our insurance." 

"You're kidding. We're not worth it." 

"Well, they threw the baby in, too. That way made 
it quite a bargain." 

Betty was serious now. She looked straight at 
Tom. "Honey, I love you," she said. 

"I love you, too," he said, "and I'm going to spend 
most of my days trying to prove it. Betty, I'd do 
anything for you." 

Though she didn't answer immediately, Betty's smile 
and her radiant eyes betrayed her feelings. Then 
she turned away as her thoughts clouded her spirits 
a little. 

"Tom . . ." 

"Yes, dear?" 

"Tom, I don't want you to take what I'm going to 
say wrong." 

"OK. I'll do my best to understand." 

She drew a sort of long breath and then— "Tom, I 
want Becky forever." 

"Betty, what do you mean? Is the baby sick or 
something?" 

"No, she's fine." 

"Then what are you saying?" 

"Just before you came I was lying here trying to 
make myself realize that little Becky is here and is 
really mine— ours. And just as I had about con- 
vinced myself, a thought came to me— the baby isn't 
really ours! Tom, please take us to the temple." 

Tom sat back on his chair. "Oh, that." 

"Darling, don't brush it off. At this moment I want 
that more than anything in the whole world. I don't 
want to take advantage of the lovely words you just 
said to me." 

"What?" 

"You know. That you'd do anything for us." 

"Yeah, but I meant . . ." 

"I know what you meant. You've been wonderful 
to me. No one could ask for a sweeter, kinder, more 
loving, lovable husband. That's why I want you, 
and Becky, for always and always." 

There was no rebuttal. Tom was caught. "All 
right," he heard himself saying; "for you, I'll do it! I 
promised I'd take you to the temple in order to get 
married in the first place." 

Again there were tears in Betty's eyes and in her 
voice as she said, "Thank you, Tom." 

Tom Carlson was not easily diverted from an 



avowed purpose, but the task now facing him was 
a web of complications. He sat in his office and 
fidgeted with a pencil. It was unusual for his mind 
to be this far away from prospect lists, weekly 
schedules, clients, and appointments. The truth was, 
he hadn't thought much about insurance all morning. 
He had a vague notion of what people had to do to 
enter the temple, but there were a thousand little 
things that looked to him like impossibilities. How- 
was he going to quit smoking? He hadn't had a 
cigarette this morning, but he had caught his hand 
automatically, subconsciously reaching for the pack 
that was still in his shirt pocket. What do you do 
about the coffee break? He wasn't sure how to handle 
the comments of the other fellows. He himself had 
more than once given a bad time to others who had 
"gotten religion." 

How had he gotten himself into all of this? As a 
boy he had been active in the Church. He thought 
about passing the sacrament and gathering fast offer- 
ings, going ward teaching, and attending meetings. 
Then he entered the service. He thought of the 
chain of events that followed: the uncouth sergeant, 
the shocks he'd received as he heard the filthy lan- 
guage, saw the free flow of beer and liquor among 
the men off the post, listened to the accounts of the 
fellows returning from weekend passes. He lived 
again the loneliness he had experienced as an 18-year- 
old enlistee. In some ways homesickness is the 
worst sickness, and loneliness in a crowd is the worst 
kind of loneliness. Letters from Mom were regular 
and reassuring, but no one else back home had time 
for him. They forgot quickly. He remembered how 
the first cup of coffee, then the cigarette, seemed to 
break down the barriers between himself and the other 
fellows. After that they seemed to accept him as 
one of them, as an adult, a man among men. 

Coming home to face Mom wasn't easy. It was 
not easy yet to remember the haunted look on her 
face when she discovered the smell of tobacco on his 
breath. But she was understanding. 

She'd be pleased now to know he had decided to 
quit smoking and to start going to church. But how? 
How do you walk away from a fishing rod and golf 
clubs and put on a suit on Sunday morning? How 
do you face the stares and side-glances or the glad 
hands of men who tell you how glad they are to see 
you on Sunday but who never know you any other 
time? Do you just walk in and hope they won't 
see you? I can't! I can't! He almost said it aloud. 
During the last frantic thought his reflexes had taken 
a cigarette out, lit it, and he was tugging on it 
frantically. Now, discovering what he had done, he 
squashed the cigarette in the ash tray. 



Jan te 



"What's the matter with you, Carlson?" It was 
Les Walker. 

"Nothing." 

"I've been watching you for ten minutes, and I'll 
bet you weren't concentrating that hard on insurance.'' 

It was difficult to keep things from Les, Tom 
thought. "Matter of fact, I was thinking about Betty." 

"Say, how are Betty and the baby, anyway?" 

"Just fine. I brought them home from the hospital 
yesterday. They've got me over a barrel, though." 

"Oh? What's up?" 

"Betty made me promise to take her to the temple." 

"Well, all I can say for you is, 'Good luck!' Joan's 
been after me all the years we've been married. But 
that's not the worst! It costs you money, too." 

"What do you mean?" 

"You've got to pay tithing." 

"That's not too bad. I used to pay tithing all the 
time." 

"Oh, I guess it's all right if you can afford it," 
Les continued. "And maybe it's not the money as 
much as it is the pressure." 

"What do you mean, pressure?" 

"Well, Joan, the bishop, and the ward teachers 
decided I was going to 'get religion' or else. So, they 
all sat me down in the living room and outlined the 



can get just as close to him on a trout stream as in 
church." 

Tom agreed. "Sometimes a lot closer. That's what 
bothers me, Les. Some of these guys who go to church 
don't know any more about the Lord than I do. At 
least they don't act like it." 

"You can say that again. There's nothing that gets 
to me like a hypocrite. Well, like I say— lots of luck, 
Tom. 

At 11:30 that morning Betty had decided it was 
time to rest. "You can say all you want about getting 
around the third day but I feel like an unstarched 
shirt," she told her mother, who was helping her. 

Mrs. Anderson adjusted the big rocker for her 
daughter. "My, I'm glad I have a grandchild before 
I'm 45. I'm still young enough to enjoy her." 

"And to be a great help, too. I hope you know 
how much I appreciate it." 

"That's what mothers— grandmothers— are for." 

As they laughed together the doorbell rang. "Don't 
get up, dear. I'll get it." Mrs. Anderson returned 
quickly. "It's a Mr. Merrill. He says he has come 
to welcome you home." 

"Oh, it's Brother Merrill. He's our ward teacher." 

"I don't want to disturb you, Sister Carlson," Brother 
Merrill said, as he entered the living room. "I thought 




,a s mean more than I do- 



3ust stayfc 



° me > but r 



m 



goi ng . 



fish 



itigf» 



program. I was to stop smoking, quit drinking coffee, 
pay tithing, go to priesthood meeting, go to sacrament 
meeting— in other words, I was to give up everything 
I enjoy doing and do everything I don't like to do. I 
could go along with them on cigarettes and coffee. 
I've wished a million times I could quit them. But 
when it comes to giving up my Sundays, that's going 
too far. I believe in God all right, but I figure a man 



I ought to come and give that young lady a proper 
welcome into this world." 

"Brother Merrill," Betty broke in, "this is my mother, 
June Anderson. Mother, this is Brother Merrill." 

"It's so nice of you to come." June extended her 
hand. "Won't you come and see what we have 
here?" 

Brother Merrill moved to the bassinet, and his eyes 



Era 17 



softened as he half whispered, "Beautiful. Just beauti- 
ful. What are you going to call her?" 

"Becky." 

"Becky," he echoed. "That's the right name for 
her." 

"Brother Merrill, I have great news for you. Tom 
has promised to take us to the temple." 

Brother Merrill smiled his approval and said, "I am 
so happy for you." 

"We owe you a lot," Betty said. "You've been very 
helpful and understanding. What do we have to do 
to get ready?" 

Brother Merrill briefly outlined the requirements 
for a temple recommend and then suggested, "It 
would be well to get an appointment with the bishop, 
tell him your problems, and ask for his counsel." 

At this point Tom opened the front door. "Any- 
body home?" he called. 

"Tom, what are you doing home?" asked Betty. 

"Well, it's noon, and young, growing boys need 
nourishment! Besides, since there's something other 
than emptiness in the house, I thought I'd come home 
for a snack." He kissed her, then held out his hand 
to the visitor. "How are you, Brother Merrill?" 

"I'm fine, Tom. How are you? I just dropped by 
to welcome young Becky into the world and the ward. 
She's a beauty, Tom." 

"Tom," Betty broke in, "I've told Brother Merrill 
we're going to the temple, and he suggests that we 
make an appointment with the bishop." 

Tom turned to Brother Merrill and asked, "What 
for?" 

"Well," Brother Merrill was careful with his words, 
"as you know, you have to have a recommend to 
enter the temple, and the bishop must help you de- 
termine whether or not you are ready for the bless- 
ings and responsibilities connected with the temple." 

"That's something of a formality, isn't it?" Tom 
asked. 

"No, Tom. This is very important. The highest 
blessings the Lord can offer come from covenants 
made in .the temple and kept throughout our lives." 
Brother Merrill's expression was serious and confident 
as he looked straight at Tom. "But I am sure that 
when you go, you'll be ready, and you'll keep your 
promises." Without giving Tom a chance to reply, 
Brother Merrill continued. "Since you are not very 
well acquainted with Bishop Lowe, suppose I call him 
and make an appointment for you." 

"OK," Tom agreed. 

Brother Merrill made the call and the appointment 
was made. 

As Betty sat in the foyer of the chapel waiting for 
Tom to come from the bishop's office, she was aware 



of a warm feeling of satisfaction. A dream, or was it 
just a hope, was to be realized, and she was happy. 

It seemed that they were taking a long time in 
there. She hoped Tom hadn't shifted the conversa- 
tion to insurance. If that had happened, there was 
no telling how long they might be. At length Tom 
came from the office. Betty was apprehensive as she 
noted a strangely grave expression on his face. He 
was quiet on the way home, and her fears and appre- 
hension grew. 

Then they sat in the living room, each seeming to 
wait for the other to break the silence. Finally Betty 
ventured. 

"Tom, what is it?" 

"Nothing, I guess." 

"I know there's something. You usually feel better 
when you talk." 

"I guess I'm disappointed." 

"About what, darling?" She moved over to him and 
took his hand. "The bishop?" 

"No— no one could be offended by him. I suppose 
I wasn't ready for what he told me, that's all." 

"What?" 

"We'll have to wait at least six months while I whip 
the cigarettes. We'll need to pay our tithing, go to 
church, study, and I don't know what else." 

"I expected all that, didn't you?" 

Tom hadn't. He had vaguely expected a routine 
interview and a recommend. But the fact was, Tom 
was afraid. He was afraid of the fellows in the 
office, true, but most of all, he was afraid of himself. 
He was facing a new kind of life, a life that was awe- 
some, vague, uncertain. 

"You'd think he'd trust me. I told him I'd quit 
smoking. I told him I'd pay my tithing. But he said 
we'd both need to be sure." 

After a moment Betty said, "Tom, what you prom- 
ised Bishop Lowe is not easy to do. You will need 
some time. But you'll do it. I know you will." 

Tom held her hand tight. He was looking away. 
"Thanks, Betty. I'll try . . ." 

And for one week he did try. He endured the un- 
certain trembling hands, the nagging of his nerves, 
the watery feeling in his stomach as his body cried 
out for tobacco. He was feeling a little more sure of 
himself. Sunday morning he went to priesthood meet- 
ing and was greeted by men who seemed friendly. It 
wasn't as bad as he had expected. 

But Monday morning the pressure was on again. 
Competition among the sales force was keen. And 
some of the men were not above making remarks of 
doubtful sincerity. When was Betty going to get off 
his back? Had she and the ward teachers collaborated? 
How could he put up with it all? How could he 



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go without coffee or cigarettes? By 4:00 p.m. he 
had had it! He jerked out the drawer in which he 
had put his cigarettes, fumbled one from the pack, 
lighted it with unsteady hands, and inhaled. It made 
his head a little light and his stomach turn over. 

The hurt on Betty's face was unmistakable as she 
discovered the odor of tobacco. She didn't cry, at 
least not in front of Tom, but she could not hide her 
deep disappointment. Tom didn't try to explain, but 
he assured her that he was just trying to "taper off." 

"You can't taper off," she said. "You have to quit." 

Tom knew she was right. He did go on trying, but 
pressures were great, and again and again he slipped 
back into the old habits. He found it uncomfortable 
to go to church when he had been smoking, and so 
he made excuses to keep from it. And thus the six 
months passed. 

In the meantime, Betty had been called to be a 
teacher in Primary. Tom was pleased at first, but 
he felt lonesome and a little imposed upon when 
Betty attended faculty meeting on those few evenings 
he was home from selling. He couldn't quite under- 
stand his own resentment, but it was real. Then, too, 
Betty was asked to attend sacrament meeting and 
often coaxed Tom to go with her. To Tom, this 
bordered on nagging, and he resented it. 

On Friday evening Tom came home moody and 
defensive after a meeting in which the bishop told 
him the recommend date had to be postponed. He 
hoped Betty wouldn't ask him about the interview. 
She didn't. She didn't need to. 

The phone rang while they were at dinner, and 
Tom answered it. "How are you, Les? . . . Tomorrow? 
. . . Oh, I don't know. Nothing too pressing, I guess. 
Why? . . . Beaver Lake? Yeh, and I heard Mel Chad- 
wick say they are really biting. We could take the 



boat, some grub and equipment, and stay a couple 
of days. It would really recharge the old battery. 
I need it!" 

Betty's heart sank. Another Sunday fishing spree. 
Then she heard Tom saying, "I don't know whether 
I can talk her into it or not. I'll see you about nine." 

As Tom returned to the table he tried to be casual 
but found it a bit difficult. "Betty," he began. "Les 
and Joan want us to take the boat and go to Beaver 
Lake for the weekend. They say the fishing is ter- 
rific. What do you think?" 

"I heard you say you'd go." 

"Well, won't you go with me?" 

"Are you going to be gone over Sunday?" 

"Well, yes. It's a long way. We can't go up and 
back Saturday." 

"Tom, you know that I can't feel right about going 
on Sunday." 

"Why not?" 

"Darling, you know why. I've got a Primary class 
of children who look every Sunday to see if I practice 
what I preach. It's pretty hard to let them down. 
Then I ... I believe that fishing or camping on Sunday 
is breaking one of the laws of the Lord." She was 
struggling to keep the tears back as she felt for words. 

Now Tom was angry. He didn't want to hurt her, 
but he felt a great urge to strike back. 

"OK, I'm going fishing. If those ten-year-old kids 
mean more to you than I do, you'd better stay and 
set your example. I just hope you don't get so good 
that you can't stand to have me around." 

Betty was crushed. She couldn't resist the tears 
any longer. She closed the bedroom door behind her, 
threw herself across the bed, and spilled out her grief 
in deep sobs. Tom didn't come in until long after 
she was asleep. (To be continued) 



The Call to Youth 

By Bertha A. Kleinman 



If there ever -was call for youth to rise, 

To steady the battle line, 

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A Makers supreme design. 

If there ever was call to lift your song 

In flights of the unachieved, 

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In a world of its peace bereaved. 

If there ever was call to pioneer 

In realms of the unrevealed, 

It's now when the lure of a new frontier 

Is calling in every field. 



If there ever was call for master hands 
To shape the unfulfilled, 
When the castles of men lie in the sands, 
Then yours are the hands to build. 

If there ever was call to hold your own,' 

While adversities rock the age, 

It's now, though you stand on the heights alone, 

Attesting your heritage. 

If there ever was call to live for truth, 

Where the martyrs of old have died, 

It's now when the faith of your mighty youth 

Awaits to be glorified! 



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Home Evening 



• We have talked a lot about family home evenings, 
but I suppose it is somewhat like Mark Twain is 
popularly credited with saying about the weather: 
"We talk a lot about the weather, but we don't seem 
to do anything about it." 

However, we have never had absent from our 
minds the responsibilities the Lord has placed upon 
the parents in the home in the teaching of their 
children. You recall what the Lord said: 

"And again, inasmuch as parents have children in 
Zion, or in any of her stakes which are organized, that 
teach them not to understand the doctrine of re- 
pentance, faith in Christ the Son of the living God, 
and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the 



By Elder Harold B. Lee 

Of the Council of the Twelve 



^ 




llustrated by Ted Nagata 



laying on of the hands, when eight years old, the sin 
be upon the heads of the parents. . . . 

"And they shall also teach their children to pray, 
and to walk uprightly before the Lord." (D&C 68:25, 
28. ) The home evening program gives strength to the 
teaching of the family in the home. 

From a letter sent out to the Church in 1915 over 
the signatures of Presidents Joseph F. Smith, Anthon 
H. Lund, and Charles W. Penrose, I quote: ". . . we 
advise and urge the inauguration of a 'Home Evening' 
throughout the Church, at which time fathers and 
mothers may gather their boys and girls about them 
in the home, and teach them the word of the Lord. . . . 
This 'Home Evening' should be devoted to prayer, 
singing hymns, songs, instrumental music, scripture- 
reading, family topics and specific instructions on the 
principles of the Gospel, and on the ethical problems 
of life, as well as the duties and obligations of children 
to parents, the home, the Church, society, and the 
Nation." (The Improvement Era, June 1915, p. 733.) 

Then, to those who would put this family home 
4^ evening into practice, the Presidency made this 
*^L promise: "If the Saints obey this counsel, we promise 
that great blessings will result. Love at home and 
obedience to parents will increase. Faith will be 
developed in the hearts of the youth of Israel, and 
they will gain power to combat the evil influences 
and temptations which beset them." (Ibid., p. 734.) 

President Joseph F. Smith, in commenting about 
the responsibility of parents in teaching their children, 
said: "Do not let your children out to specialists in 
these things, but teach them by your own precept 
and example, by your own fireside. Be a specialist 
yourself in the truth. Let our meetings, schools and 
organizations, ... be supplements to our teachings 
and training in the home. Not one child in a hundred 
would go astray, if the home environment, example 
and training, were in harmony with the truth in the 
gospel of Christ, as revealed and taught to the Latter- 
day Saints." (Joseph F. Smith, Gospel Doctrine, 
p. 302. ) 

About this same matter President Wilford Wood- 
ruff said: "Ninety-nine out of every hundred children 
who are taught by their parents the principles of 
honesty and integrity, truth and virtue, will observe 
them through life." (Discourses of Wilford Woodruff, 
pp. 267-268.) 

And then from President Heber J. Grant: "The Lord 
has said it is our duty to teach our children in their 
youth. ... It is folly to imagine that our children 
will grow up with a knowledge of the gospel without 
teaching. ... I may know that the gospel is true, 
and so may my wife; but I want to tell you that our 



children will not know that the gospel is true, unless 
they study it and gain a testimony for themselves. 
Parents are deceiving themselves in imagining that 
their children will be born with a knowledge of 
the gospel." (Heber J. Grant, Gospel Standards, 
p. 155.) 

Some definite steps have been taken to strengthen 
parents in carrying out this great God-given admoni- 
tion of teaching the gospel in the home. A set of 
lessons, one for each week throughout the year, is 
given to parents, so they may teach the gospel to 
their family. These lessons can be adapted to fit 
every age in the home. These weekly home lessons 
help us correlate with the priesthood instruction and 
the Relief Society lessons. Thus, as fathers are taught 
in priesthood meetings, mothers in Relief Society 
meetings, and the family studies the gospel in the 
family home evening, all of this works together to 
assist parents in strengthening home relationships. 

As I have thought of home night, I have thought 
of my own family. When our older daughter was 
to be married to a fine Latter-day Saint boy, the 
two mothers were talking to each other, and the 
mother of our older daughter said, "You know, from 
the time my little girl was born, I have been praying 
all my life that somewhere a mother would be pre- 
paring a son worthy to marry my daughter." And 
this other mother smiled and said, "Isn't that strange? 
This is my only son who is being married to your 
daughter and ever since he was born, I, too, have been 
praying that somewhere there would be a mother 
preparing a daughter worthy to meet and to marry 
my son." That is the kind of home attention that 
will make us and our homes stronger today. 

As I think of family home evening and its possible 
impact, the words of the Prophet Micah come to mind: 
"But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the 
mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established 
in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted 
above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 

"And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and 
let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and to the 
house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of 
his ways, and we will walk in his paths; for the law 
shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the Lord 
from Jerusalem." (Mic. 4:1-2.) 

I say to you Latter-day Saint mothers and fathers, 
if you will rise to the responsibility of teaching your 
children in the home—priesthood quorums preparing 
the fathers, and Relief Society the mothers— the day 
will dawn when the whole world will come to our 
doors and say, "Show us your way, that we may walk 
in your path."0 

4 



Era 23 



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The Greatest 
Work in the 

World 



By Elder Ezra Taft Benson 

Of the Council of the Twelve 



i! 



• The greatest work in all the world is the building 
of men and women of character. Without character, 
there is not much that's worthwhile, because char- 
acter is the one thing we take with us from this world 
into the next. The greatest activity of our Heavenly 
Father is the saving and exaltation of all his children. 
I have visited in forty-five nations and have come 
away knowing that most of our Father's children 
essentially are good. Many of them live under bad 
and atheistic leadership. But they want to live in 
peace and to be good neighbors. They love their 
homes; they want to raise their standard of living, to 
do what's right. I know our Father loves them. 

I am convinced, as was President Wilford Wood- 
ruff, that the Lord held in the spirit world for 6,000 
years some of the choicest spirits of all times, that^; 
they might come forth in this day when the gospel 
is upon the earth and when the Church has been 
restored, that they might help to build up the king- 
dom in preparation for the second coming of the 
Messiah. Many of these choicest spirits are young 
people born under the covenant, into Latter-day 
Saint homes. 

But the adversary has never been so well organized 
and has never had so many emissaries and representa- 
tives as he has today. The enemy of righteousness 

'From a talk given at the 1966 MIA June Conference. Illustrated by Richard Brown 





tfvunicates with them? 



is supported by millions of people, and he has a most 
powerful and effective program to lead our youth 
astray. The big question of our time is, who reaches 
youth today? Who communicates with them? Par- 
ents? Schoolteachers? Civil officials? Community 
leaders? Any adults? In too many cases, these peo- 
ple are having trouble talking to— as well as listening 
to— young people. Into this void steps the Mutual 
Improvement Associations, recognizing teens for 
what they are: growing individuals seeking to estab- 
lish their identity, find themselves, and build upon 
sound intellectual and spiritual foundations. We have 
a program that should reach them. Yet the enemy 
is insidious. He uses devious methods and is clear 
and persistent. 

Recently, while browsing through several newly 
published books, I read one titled The Great Deceit, 
a study of America's foundation by a group of 
prominent Harvard University graduates. It opens 
with this shocking statement: "We are living in a most 
perplexing period of human history. Moral, legal, 
and social attitudes seem to have undergone a drastic 
change. Human values that have developed over 
thousands of years have been discarded or drastically 
altered. Attitudes as to what is right or wrong have 
become uncertain. Individual thrift in storing up for 
the future has been converted from a fine virtue into 
a social evil. Individual initiative and personal 
ability are labeled as anti-social acts. The building 
up of private enterprise is pictured as exploitation and 
economic piracy. Our founding fathers are smeared. 
Fabian Socialists have twisted American history and 
are carrying on a successful war against human liberty. 
We are faced with political wolves in sheep's 
clothing." 

In a recent article entitled "Turbulence on the 
Campus," J. Edgar Hoover says, "According to the 
latest statistics there are 4,500,000 full-time students 
enrolled in more than 2,000 institutions of higher 
learning. A high percentage of these young people 
are serious and concerned. They know they live in a 
world of change, challenge, and conflict, where their 
very best will be required. There is in today's campus 
turbulence a new style in conspiracy, a conspiracy that 
is extremely subtle and devious and hence difficult 



to understand. It is a conspiracy reflected by ques- 
tionable moods and attitudes. 

"Often called the new leftist conspiracy, it has utter 
disrespect for ' law, contempt for institutions of free 
government, and disdain for spiritual and moral values. 

"As parents and teachers, you should know more 
about this new-style perversion that is erupting in 
civil disobedience and encouraging young people to 
mock the law. Every town and every teacher must 
recognize the absolute need of instructing and guid- 
ing our young people to respect the law and to 
realize that freedom does not mean license, that with 
citizen's rights go corresponding duties. We want our 
young people to be good citizens, able to think for 
themselves, to have personal convictions, but we want 
them to be loyal to our constitutional principles and 
the democratic traditions that have molded this 
country." 

I recently received a letter from a bishop who is a 
father, a farmer and rancher, and a former state 
official. He writes, "I am shocked at the brainwash- 
ing our own Latter-day Saint children seem to be 
getting from our teachers. This is my second experi- 
ence this month in which conservative speakers have 
been heckled by high school students, coached by 
teachers who have given them loaded questions to 
ask. Karl Prussian, a former counter-spy for the 
FBI for fourteen years, was given a bad time by these 
high school teenagers." 

The bishop reports that these young people made 
the following statements in a discussion: Communism 
is an improvement over capitalism. The U. S. Consti- 
tution is archaic; it's out of date. A one- world setup 
governed by the United Nations would be a step 
forward. When the question of religious freedom 
came up, one student asked, "Who is God? Did you 
ever see him?" 

The bishop continues: "These are a few of the 
questions and statements and attitudes that appear 
to be from nice, clean-cut young Americans in a small 
town rural high school. Can there be any doubt as 
to the source of this philosophy? Yet if you label 
it part of the so-called Communist conspiracy, you are 
regarded as a wild-eyed fanatic who sees a Com- 
munist behind every door. These teachers invite 



[Era[25L 



Communist speakers, encourage the study of Com- 
munist authors, and are exposing the students to 
Communist culture and doctrine as they extol it under 
the guise of social progress and reform." 

From the fifth grade through the fourth year of 
college, our young people are being indoctrinated 
with a Marxist philosophy, and I am fearful of the 
harvest. The younger generation is further to the 
left than most adults realize. The old concepts of 
our founding fathers are scoffed and jeered at by 
young moderns whose goals appear to be the de- 
struction of integrity and virtue, and the glorification 
of pleasure, thrills, and self-indulgence. 

America is asleep. So are its churches and its 
patriotic organizations, for the most part. It's already 
too late, I am afraid, to stem the fearsome, awesome 
power of Marx and Lenin now so apparent in our 
government, our schools, the United Nations, many 
Protestant churches, the press, radio, TV, and other 
news media. 

The president of one of our great independent 
educational institutions sent me an article, "Today's 
Three Horsemen," which says: "Certain soldiers of 
public opinion in America who call themselves liberal 
in politics and economics and religion have virtually 
canonized and glorified three men who have lived 
within the hundred years since 1866. All three wrote 
books. One, Charles Darwin, with his origin of the 
species, gained a worldwide attention in the 1850's. 
This was the period also in which another of the 
three, Karl Marx, published the Communist Manifesto 
and Das Kapital. The third, John Maynard Keynes, 
entered the liberal throne room years later with his 
book The General Theory on Economics" 

The growing influence of these three men is visible 
in all segments of American life today. The influence 
is not all powerful, but it has penetrated some of the 
vital centers of our government, educational system, 
and church life. If the doctrines of these three men 
were to become the basic philosophy of our way of 
life, we as a people would fail as has no other genera- 
tion before us since the days of Noah. 

Another item that has come to my attention is the 
narrative part of the filmstrip on the Berkeley revolu- 
tion, which says, "While most Americans have been 



watching television, others have been busy imple- 
menting plans to use America's most priceless natural 
resource, its youth, to knowingly or unknowingly 



become the tools for fermenting the destruction of & 



h 




the American way of life. Successful Communist 
exploitation and manipulation of youth and student 
groups throughout the world today are a major chal- 
lenge that free world forces must meet and defeat. 
Recent world events clearly reveal that world Com- 
munism has launched a massive campaign to capture 
and maneuver youth and student groups." 

Young people are the key to success in any move- 
ment, good or bad, for they are idealistic, bold, and 
vigorous. The author of the script quotes from the 
early leaders of the Communist movement to show 
that books have even been published on how to get 
control of the young people in the world. 

This is just some of the evidence indicating that 
our young people and leaders of youth today face 
challenges the likes of which they have never before 
had. 

Now, what will we do about it? Most importantly, 
we have this great Church, the one church that stands 
up in support of the inspired Constitution of America 
and the basic concepts embodied in that document. 
Our church has not in any way lowered its standards. 

First, let's set our homes and our own lives in 
order. Let us as leaders be what we want our youth 
to be. They need fewer critics and more models. 



Jan 1 26 



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^ove models. 



V& They should know what the prophets have said. 
They should know that all is not well in Zion. They 
should not become lulled away into a false security. 
They should become alerted and informed about the 



"»t*a 




greatest evil in this world, the greatest threat to the 
Church and to youth: the godless socialist-Communist 
conspiracy. 

I appeal to our young people to keep their eye on 
the Prophet, to heed his counsel, to read what he 
says, to read his messages in The Improvement Era, 
to read his most recent statement on Communism. 

Leaders of youth, teach our young people to love 
freedom, to know that it is God-given. Teach them 
that the greatest evil in this world is to destroy the 
Church of God. Teach them that truth is eternal, 
that time is on the side of truth, and that they should 
not be afraid to stand up for truth. Teach them to 
love their country, to know that it has a spiritual 
foundation, that it has a prophetic history, that it is 
the Lord's base of operation. 

Teach them that the Constitution of America was 
established by men whom God raised up for that 



K*. Jb& 






LW. 




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very purpose, that it is not outmoded, that it is not 
an old-fashioned agrarian document, as some men in 
high places are calling it today. Teach them to love 
the scriptures, especially the Book of Mormon. 

Teach them to form an acquaintance with Nephi, 
Alma, and General Moroni. Teach them to know the 
power of prayer, that they can reach out and tap 
that unseen power, without which help no man can 
do his best. Teach them the need for spirituality, 
whether they are in the classroom or employed. 

But above all, teach them to know that God lives, 
that Jesus is the Christ, the Savior and Redeemer of 
the world, that these two heavenly beings, our Father 
and our Savior Jesus Christ, did in very deed appear 
to the boy prophet in the Sacred Grove. Teach them 
to know this, and it will be an anchor to them in all 
the days to come. 



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service 

contracts? 



Becausea Hammond Organ with thefamous 
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ture no matter how extreme. 

So meticulously made and carefully in- 
spected are all parts of the Hammond Organ 
that its performance record in churches has 
been remarkable. Year after year churches 
with Hammond Organ installations have 
reported extremely low maintenance costs. 

Which is the reason Hammond dealers 
don't offer service contracts. Just the best 
organ you can buy for the money— the 
Hammond Organ. To find out more, send 
for our free informative booklet, "So Now 
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I I 

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CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60639 

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Also makers of the Hammond Piano 

I I 

© 1966 Hammond Organ Company 



By the Family Home 
Evening Committee 



• One time when Ira and his wife, 
Christine, began their home eve- 
ning, Ira said to the family, "To 
learn what we are going to talk 
about, open your Bibles to Mat- 
thew 22:36-39. Lisa, read those 
verses for us." 

Lisa found the place. "Oh, no," 
she moaned. "How boring. I've 
learned those verses before." And 
she began to chant them in a sing- 
song voice. 

"Don't think you're so smart," 
chided Greg. "I know them, too. 
We had them once before in home 
evening." He picked up her 
rhythm and chanted with her. 

As they reached the last sentence, 
"Thou shalt love thy neighbor as 
thyself," each was trying to yell 
above the other, and Lisa said to 
Greg, "Why can't you be still? 
Daddy didn't ask you; he asked 
me." Each gave the other a hate- 
ful look. They continued through- 
out the discussion to take verbal 
jabs at each other, and the 
home evening was not a happy 
experience. 

Ira was discouraged. When they 
were alone, he said to Christine, 
"This home evening manual is no 
good for us; we need doctrine the 



children aren't so familiar with. 
Maybe they're getting all they need 
at seminary and other church 
classes." 

"I don't understand it either," 
Christine replied. "You know how 
enthusiastic Mark and Edith Blake 
are about their home evenings, and 
their children are about the same 
ages as ours." 

"Why don't you call Edith to- 
morrow and see what happened to 
them with this same lesson?" re- 
sponded Ira. 

The next evening Christine said 
to her husband, "I called Edith 
Blake and we talked about the 
home evening for a long time. She 
said they used to have the same 
problem until they changed their 
emphasis. 

"Some of their children also knew 
those verses in Matthew, but their 
father pointed out that Jesus' mes- 
sage was not only that we can 
repeat the law of love, but that we 
love each other and show that we 
do by our actions. They discussed 
some of their actions and deter- 
mined whether each action showed 
love or antagonism toward another. 
They concluded that their attitudes 
toward each other in the home 
don't yet measure up to Christ's 
law of love. They worked out 
ways to change. Edith said that 
even she and Mark could see that 
their own attitudes toward each 
other and the children were not 
always motivated by love. 

"After I talked with her, I 
studied the lesson we had last night 




A T 



and also read the foreword in the 
manual. I can see where we have 
been making a mistake. We have 
been teaching our family the doc- 
trines of the Church so they would 
be sure to know them. But that 
doesn't seem to be the idea of the 
home evening. A principle of the 
gospel is given, and we are to de- 
cide how much it is influencing 
our own conduct and work out with 
our family specific procedures that 
each of us is going to use to im- 
prove. During the week we work 
on the plans we made." 

Ira was listening thoughtfully. "I 
see," he said. "We don't judge our 
need of a home evening by how 
well we know the doctrine but by 
how nearly we are obeying it in 
our home. The emphasis is on 
doing. Christine, let's have that 
same lesson next week, and I'm 
going to be prepared. Greg and 
Lisa showed last night that they 
need it." 

"That's right," answered Chris- 
tine, and then she added with a 
twinkle, "and as good as you and 
I are, I can think of times when our 
actions have shown that we need 
it too." 

The story of Ira and Christine 
is true; only the names have been 
changed. It is repeated here be- 



cause it reveals a common problem 
in home evening experience. The 
course for 1967 is on the laws of 
God. Most of the laws are al- 
ready known verbally; the chal- 
lenge is to obey each of them as 
Christ said we should. 

It is easier to defend a law of 
God and fight for it than it is to 
live it. Most people have faults 
and weaknesses that are contrary 
to the teachings of Christ. The 
tendency of the average person is 
to harbor and protect his failings 
and to pretend they are not there. 

A weekly class at church can give 
its members an understanding of 
a gospel truth on their own age 
level. This is a worthwhile con- 
tribution, since no one is likely to 
obey a law of God or which he has 
no knowledge. However, the value 
of knowing a truth is in living it. 
No teacher can follow each class 
member throughout the week to see 
that his behavior corresponds to 
the principle he was taught. 

Only in the home can knowledge 
of a law of God be successfully 
translated into the day-by-day liv- 
ing of that law. In the home, fam- 
ily members are not trying to 



impress each other; they do not 
hide their inner feelings behind a 
front; they do not pretend to be 
what they are not. Here a person's 
actions reveal his true self and 
indicate the kind of help and 
guidance he needs. Parents are 
with the child every day. They 
love him enough to remind him, 
encourage him, and set an exam- 
ple for him in helping him to 
overcome his faults and build 
character habits in harmony with 
the teachings of Jesus Christ. 

This is a responsibility the home 
cannot delegate. The home has 
more influence on family members 
than have all other agencies com- 
bined. Whether or not parents 
like it or realize it, they are teach- 
ing their children constantly. In 
everything they say and do, par- 
ents are teaching their children 
either to obey the laws of God 
or to break them. 



President McKay has frequently referred to home as heaven on 
earth. Home is heaven on earth to the degree that the gospel of Jesus 
Christ is lived there. When members of a family break a law of God— 
for example, when they show antagonism toward each other instead 
of love— the home is no longer a heaven on earth. 

The family home evening as outlined by the Church will help every 
individual— the young, the middle aged, the old— to live the laws of 
God more fully if each person puts forth conscious effort every day to 
make his actions conform to a truth he has learned. O 




■ 



Evenings 



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Jra[29 




Letter to a Serviceman 



Dear Scot: 

Hi, friend. Hope this finds you well and enjoying 
as best you can these first months in your career in 
behalf of our country's cause. I expect you are find- 
ing it a bit rough, but take it from an old military 
hand, the lumps you swallow aren't as bad as you 
first think they are. It's something you have to learn 
to live with. 

I was visiting your family the other night, getting 
caught up on things, and they mentioned that they 
didn't know how active in the Church you are in the 
service. It came up casually in the conversation, but 
I take it pretty big, because I love you like my own 
son. Scot, I know the service and all the angles 
involved. Because of that, let me tell you something 
about a fellow just like you. 

A Navy friend, on the way to Pearl Harbor, joined 
with other LDS fellows in a sacrament meeting, and 
participated in blessing the sacrament. He was a 
fine, clean-cut kid. He made many friends aboard 
ship. One of them was a much older sailor who 
"knew all the ropes." The younger fellow soon fol- 
lowed him like a pup. When they got to Pearl 
Harbor, the younger fellow went ashore with the 
older man and they did the town together. 

When they were out to sea again the boy developed 
venereal disease. He was charged with misconduct 
and confined to the ship. The boy was shocked 
beyond belief. He didn't know what to do. A chap- 
lain soon came down to see him. The boy said, "What 
happened? I'm confined, and I have a disease that 
will affect a marriage when I meet the right girl and 
possibly children yet unborn." He knew— as he had 
never known before— what one's companions can mean 
to a person. 

Now Scot, why all this? I'll tell you why. In the 
service you can either select the right companions, 
go to church, and be instrumental in spreading the 



gospel by setting an example and talking about it— 
or you can follow the pack. 

A fellow doesn't defile himself in one jump. Not 
even that Navy boy. It's the little steps that gradu- 
ally get bigger and bigger. Pretty soon the other 
fellows look to you like "regular guys" who'll do 
anything for a dare or a laugh. Then one day you'll 
hear another Mormon trying to teach the gospel to 
someone and the other fellow will say, "Aw, you 
Mormons are hypocrites. I have a buddy who is 
LDS, and he drinks, smokes, and all the rest. He 
claims to be a priest! So don't tell me about the 
Saints." 

And do you know something? He's pointing at 
you. Soon you realize that you not only loused up 
yourself and betrayed your ideals and Christ, but 
you effectively blocked another person from enter- 
ing the Church. When you stop to think about the 
potential member's children and grandchildren, you'll 
taste bitterness that will age you quickly. 

Then, like the fellow in the brig, you'll ask, "Where 
did I start slipping? Why did I betray those who 
loved me? What has happened?" Maybe, if you're 
man enough, you'll start the long, slow climb up. 
But life is sometimes like going down into a mine 
shaft. The deeper you go, the harder it is to get back 
to the surface. 

You say there are Mormons there who don't 





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follow the Word o£ Wisdom and 
who don't even live the Ten 
Commandments. Scot, for good- 
ness sakes, there are many on 
our rollbooks who don't know 
what it means to be a Mormon. 
They sincerely reason themselves 
right into Satan's hands when 
events come up that separate the 
men from the boys. 

Is this relevant to you? Yes, 
pardner, it is, and I hope we're true 
friends enough that you'll know. 
If the tables were turned, I 
wouldn't think much of you if you 
could help me but wouldn't be- 
cause you felt I might be offended. 
Friends are those who stick with 
us— through fat and lean, good and 
bad— and are man enough to tell 
us something when we need it and 
pat us on the back when the same 
is in order. 

Sometimes it is easier to die for 
those you love than to live for 
them. Scot, hold to the ideals you 
know are important. Don't be 
ashamed of God and his command- 



ments. If you are, the time may 
come when from a foxhole you'll 
cry to God for help and wonder 
why you can't sense a response. 

Many Saints have entered the 
service and come out leaders be- 
fore God and man, and others 
have used the service as an excuse 
to follow other paths. Land sunny 
side up, Scot. 

As for life here, business remains 
as usual— making too much to 
starve to death and not enough to 
get fat. I'm leaving today on my 
vacation for a week. The family 
is going fishing. My five-year-old 
son is so excited he can hardly 
sleep at night— this is the biggest 
thing in his life to date. 

Please don't be offended because 
of what I've said. You're a good 
man and a wonderful fellow to 
know. We want you to come back 
as good as you left. We're pray- 
ing for you— every night and 
morning. Keep in touch. 

Regards, 
Ralph 



<g WASHINGTON^ 




9 



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a- 



They sincerely 
reason themselves 
right into Satan's hands 
when events come up 
that separate the 
men from the boys. 

Era! 3f 



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Name 

Address 

City ._ 

State Zip 



"lips for Genealogists 



PRS Inquiries 

Approximately one-third of the Pedigree Referral 
Service (PRS) inquiries are yielding a response. A 
"response" is at least one name and address received 
in reply to an inquiry. Response percentage on in- 
quiries will continue to grow as more registrations 
are received. For this reason, all persons doing 
genealogical research are encouraged to register their 
ancestral surnames, localities, and periods of time 
with PRS. More than half a million surname entries 
are now on file. 

One particular type of PRS inquiry being sub- 
mitted is contributing to the low response percentage. 
Too many PRS participants are submitting Type A 
(town) inquiries, rather than Type B (countywide) 
inquiries. Since most surnames from the United 
States registered in PRS files are identified by county 
alone, rather than by town, the response percentage 
for town inquiries pertaining to the U.S. is about 
12.7 percent. Thus, quite often the time and money 
of those requesting Type A inquiries are wasted. 

In years past most Americans lived on farms in 
rural areas and were not residents of particular towns. 
The following example illustrates the problem faced 
by PRS inquirers : 

Suppose one wants to get in touch with someone 
working on the Taylor line of Anson County, North 
Carolina. Several persons who have traced their 
Taylor family to Anson County may be registered 
with PRS, and since no town identification was known, 
only the county was registered. Those who submit 
Type B (countywide) inquiries will be matched up 
by computer with others who submitted matching 
PRS information. However, those who submit Type 
A (town) inquiries cannot be matched with those 
Taylor researchers who registered only the county. 

For this reason, it is strongly suggested that United 
States inquiries be Type B. Exceptions to this would 
be inquiries pertaining to common surnames asso- 
ciated with large cities and surnames from some of 
the New England states, where many excellent 
genealogical sources are available. 



Four-Generation 
Records Adjustment 

Do you have evidence of errors on family group 
records in the archives of the Genealogical Society? 
If so, you can have those records adjusted if the 
records pertain to your direct ancestors and are not 
beyond your great-grandparents (4th generation). 

To request adjustments, you are asked to submit: 
(1) a photoduplicate of each archive record con- 
cerned, as it appears in the archives; (2) a complete 
new family group record, prepared in accordance 
with instructions in the Genealogical Instruction 
Manual, with the items that differ from the archive 
record underlined in red; (3) a letter listing the 
desired adjustments and the justification for each; 
and (4) a certified copy, photoduplicate, or type- 
written or handwritten facsimile of the documentary 
evidence that resolves each conflict or discrepancy. 

If the present archive record was submitted by you, 
documentary evidence is not required, and step 4 
may be omitted. If you did not submit the present 
archive record, you may still avoid providing docu- 
mentary evidence by obtaining written consent from 
the original patron for the adjustments to be made. 



60-Day Processing 

The new 90-day processing of family group records 
announced in the November Improvement Era is 
already outdated. Beginning January 1, 1967, process- 
ing time of family group records will be trimmed to 
within 60 days of receipt of the records. 

Saints can help reduce this time even more by 
preparing their records carefully in accordance with 
the steps outlined in the Genealogical Instruction 
Manual. 



Jan [32 





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Marion D. Hanks, 



January 1967 



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anuary . . . will this year be a retread— same old 
habits, same old ways, same old weaknesses, 
same old mistakes, same old heartaches, same 
old procrastinations? ^p Or will this new year for you be a 
fresh and wonderful beginning-to-be-better kind of ex- 
perience? Here's a new year wish from your editors: 
A little more like thee, Lord. A little more like thee! I 
would have ... a heart more open to feel thy spirit, to 
warm my brothers' needs, and sensitive enough to help 
fill them ... a mind more receptive to know thy will, thy 
ways, thy purposes for all, and keen enough to respond . . . 
a self more ready to help in thy cause, to ease the burdens 
of my fellows, to calm the confusions in minds muddled 
by a world gone wrong, and pure enough to be the tem- 
ple of my eternal spirit. 









REEN 



THOuqkrs 



by Marion D. Hanks 

IT WAS A STRANGE TITLE for an editorial 
— certainly a different one: "Green Thoughts." 

My eyes wandered with mild curiosity past the 
heading to the first words, and the scattered rays of 
a casual involvement suddenly gathered into the beam 
of an intense concentration. I had never read words 
just like them before, and I had never personally 
visited in a city where they could with such validity 
be written. These were the first provocative sentences: 

"It is a sad thing when people cease to 
dream of flowers, and dream only of vege- 
tables. Such, however, is the plight of this 
city today. Let a hundred flowers bloom — 
we think only of potatoes, peas, and 
vegetable marrow." 

The conclusion of the article was equally poignant: 
"Pity that we have no time to look at the 
flowers. . . ." 

It was a Calcutta, India, newspaper I was reading, 
purchased for a few Indian pennies on a street where, 
the night before, my companions and I had been 
sickened and sorrowed by sights and sounds of another 
world. People were starving, picking scraps from 
the gutter, begging and badgering, thousands of them 
sleeping in their rags in the streets. A hard-pressed 
government, earnestly struggling to survive the en- 
gulfing flood of hundreds of thousands of persons 
pouring into the city in ever increasing waves; could 
not keep up with the problems. 

For multitudes of young people in India, Africa, 
China, Korea, and elsewhere, the life a Latter-day 
Saint teenager lives — even in the humblest circum- 
stances — would be unbelievable. They couldn't 
comprehend the profusion of privileges and blessings 
we enjoy. 

What green thoughts have you these days? 
What green dreams? 

If there are enough vegetables to keep away hunger, 
and a roof and a bed and an interested heart nearby, 
rejoice! Dream of flowers, and share part of their 
fragrance through a life of gratitude, of responsi- 
bility, and of genuine concern for others. 



tf 



Illustrated by 
Travis Winn 



h 



he windshield wipers swished sleepily across 
the windshield in .an effort to keep the pouring 
rain from obstructing our vision. Outside the 
warm car everything was a wet, shiny pattern of 
lights against the blackness of a soft spring night. 

Kathy rambled on and on in her amusing, pleas- 
ing way, telling me about her weekend as a baton 
twirling judge at Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 

"Yes, it certainly was worth the fifteen dollars 
I gave you for tending the kids," she laughingly 
concluded. 

Then suddenly she became silent, and in a more 
thoughtful tone continued. "You know, Rhonda, 
I had an experience that I'm not sure I should 
tell you about. It's too precious to tell to just 
anyone, but I think you will appreciate it as much 
as I do." 

She told me the following story: 

As we pulled out of the depot in Great 
Falls, Montana, the deep voice of the bus 
driver boomed over the loudspeaker. 

"Good morning, folks, and welcome 
to this line of the Greyhound Bus 
service. The country surrounding 
the roads we'll be traveling on is 
beautiful, and I hope you enjoy 
your trip. We are due at the next 
major bus stop in four hours. We'll 
never make it." 

I laughed softly to myself and then 
turned to identify the owner of a delighted 
chuckle who had apparently enjoyed the 
bus driver's comment as much as I. 
With a start, I realized it was David, 
the blind boy I had met at the Great 
Falls depot last year when I was 
traveling to the same twirling contest, 
watched him as he fingered his traveling 




Illustrated by Sherry Thompson 




bag, a smile still on his freckled face. It all came 
back to me as I sat there — as clearly as if it had 
happened last week. . . . 

"Get outa my way, kid!" she bellowed. I saw 
her grab the child's arm tightly, her fingernails 
with their chipped red polish digging into his flesh. 
She lowered her voice so I could no longer hear 
what she said, but I could see her bright red lips 
moving angrily over yellow teeth. She was shaking 
him, and I looked at his face, expecting him at 
any moment to burst into tears; but his eyes were 
shut tight, and his face was devoid of expression. 
Since no indignant mother came running to his 
assistance, I realized he must be alone. 

Although I was well aware that no one appre- 
ciates a busybody, the situation had gone too far 
for me to sit idly watching. I walked toward the 
pair, determined to do something. But as I 
reached them, the woman pushed the boy and 
turned to her heel, muttering to herself about 
"bratty kids." I was tempted to follow her, but I 
turned to the young boy instead. The force of the 
shove had sent him sprawling into a group of 
candy machines, and he sat on the floor, eyes still 
shut, his fingers groping, touching, moving in- 
quisitively. I realized he was blind; and choking 
back the pity that rushed to my eyes and throat 
in aching pains, I pulled him gently to his feet. 
'Here, son, I'll help you to the desk," I said 
softly. 

"Oh, that's all right," came the cheerful 
reply. "Just tell me about how many steps 
it is and point me in the right direction. I 
can make it by myself." 

This cheerful independence was typical 

of nine- year-old David as we traveled 

together. He was making his weekend visit 

to his home in the small town of Sunburst, 

Montana, from the school for the blind 

in Great Falls. When David was a young 




"5V 



child he had been afflicted with cancer of the eye, 
and his eyes had to be sealed shut. It was a 
revelation for me to travel with him and to be 
able, for a day, to see through the eyes of the blind. 

When we had parted that first time a year ago, 
I realized I knew only his name and would probably 
never see him again. And now, as I looked again 
at the person whose laugh had caught my interest, 
I was sure he would never remember me. But I 
wanted to talk to him again. I crossed the aisle 
and struck up a conversation. After a few words 
he put his hand on my arm and said, "You're 
Kathy, aren't you?" 

Imagine the joy I felt that he would recognize 
my voice and remember me after a whole year. 

We chatted like good buddies, laughing together. 
I asked him about school, and a pleased smile 
radiated from his face as he informed me that 
he'd learned how to write something on paper 
without raised lines. 

"You can?" I exclaimed. "What can you write?" 

"Two names," he said. "Yours and mine." 

"Let's see you do it," I challenged. 

He was game, and after we found a pencil and 
a piece of paper, he carefully spelled out "David" 
and then began my name. I was startled when I 
saw that he spelled it correctly, with a K instead of 
a C. 

"How did you know my name started with a 
'K'?" I asked him. 

"Well, my mother and my teacher both thought 
it should start with a C, but I knew it started with 
a K because kindness starts with K." 



The preceding story is true and was retold with the 
permission of Kathy Parmenter, to 
whom the story happened. 



by Rhonda Patten 
Missoula, Montana 



Kmdwss 



starts with" 





HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT LIFE, ITS SOCIAL, SPIRITUAL, 
BELIEVE ABOUT THE CHURCH, TOTAL HONESTY, MARR 
DEATH, KEEPING THE SABBATH DAY HOLY, DRINKING, GO 
ING, HELPING OR BEING HELPED, CHASTITY, PAYING 
THESE ARE IMPORTANT IN YOUR LIFE. CONSIDER THEM C 
STANDING UP FOR? HOW IMPORTANT ARE THEY TO Yj 
OTHERS? HOW DO YOUR IDEALS, YOUR PHILOSOPHIES D 



VIEWS, FRIENDS' VIEWS, HEAVENLY FATHER'S GUIDELI 




When you've decided what is worth stand- 
ing up for, here are some "how to's" that 

can help you succeed: 



O 




BACK UP YOUR VIEWS: 

1. Gather facts that are suffi- 
ciently important. 

2. Find out 'who says so.' 
What's their authority? 

3. Consider experience of 
others. 

4. Analyze your own experi- 
ences. 



Photographs by Eldon Linschoten 



Jan 38 



PHYSICAL ASPECTS? WHAT DO YOU 
IAGE, PEOPLE, DATING, LIFE AFTER 
SSIP, FREEDOM, CLASSROOM CHEAT - 
DEBTS, ASSUMING RESPONSIBILITY? 
AREFULLY. WHICH ONES ARE WORTH 



OUR FUTURE, YOUR HAPPINESS, TO 
IFFER OR SUPPORT YOUR PARENTS' 
NES (COMMANDMENTS) TO US? 



at iiiiii believe! 

^JJr by Elaine Cannon 






DEVELOP THE SKILLS: 

1. Know the value of wise tim- 
ing. 

2. What is your image of your- 
self? to others? 

3. Do you know your person- 
ality credits and quirks? 

4. Do you have an understand- 
ing of how to get along with 
people? 






CARE ENOUGH! 

1. What is there to lose if you 
don't stand up? 

2. What is there to gain? Why 
bother? 

3. What will the outcome be 
(worst possible, best possible, 
most likely) ? 



Era 39 




iyiERyiN : MXA|R: : :; 

Studerit:PresWerit: 



•xbruceshwstensen 

: : : : : Ex^ti«vJB:'SWrjetary of 
: : : : : A(?^firfe: : Af fairs : 



•::mary..^nn:roobiqu«::*:::::::' 



! 



The student officers of the 

College of Southern Utah discuss various 

ways of communicating, of improving 

personal relationships. 

Moderator is Sterling Church, 

student government adviser. 



Sterling Church: In your positions as student 
body officers, you have developed effective 
means of communicating with others 
and developing better relationships with 
others. Therefore, you , are looked upon 
with great favor by your peers. Today we 
would like to find out some of the methods 
you have for getting along well with people, in 
the hope that they will benefit others in their 
ability to understand and communicate more 
effectively. 

The first question I would like to consider is 
this: What, in your opinion, is the most important 
specific thing to remember in getting along well 
with others? Included in this question is another: 
What have you found works best in developing 
pleasant relationships wiih others? 

Mervin Adair: Maybe I could start off. In our 
experience this year in student government, I have 
found that the confusion comes when people don't 
really understand their responsibility or authority 
or to whom they are responsible. We have found 




that by defining these lines 

of authority and giving each 

one a clear understanding of 

his responsibilities, we have a 

smoother-running and more efficient 

student government. 

Gayle McKeachnie: / agree. If others know their 
relationship with you, you can have disagreements 
and yet get along well. You can disagree on policy 
or many other things, but if you respect the other 
person and his opinion and listen to it, you'll 
generally remain friends after the disagreement is 
resolved. A mutual goal that both persons should 
have is to gain respect for one another. Perhaps 
Lee could give us some specific examples on this. 

Lee Hofeling: When I was in the mission field, I 
had a problem — it wasn't too serious — in my rela- 
tionship with my companion. I received a letter 
from my mother that told of what is called in 
psychology "The Principle of Positive Effect." In 
essence, this means that people will react toward 



| Era 141 



you in direct relationship to the way you make 
them feel about themselves. If you can make 
others feel good about themselves and that they 



We should be aware 
that each person 
is an individual... 



are useful and worthv of your consideration, they 
will usually respond effectively in whatever capacity 
you ask them to work. 

Mervin Adair: I have heard it said that you should 
treat everyone as if he were your superior. I have 
found that this really works. If you treat a person 
with no respect, if you try to make him do some- 
thing just because you have authority, you find 
that you never get any real moral support. But 
if you can make him feel good about himself and 
feel that you really respect him and have faith 
in his ability and opinion, you'll find that he will 
give you loyal service and support. 

Bruce Christensen: Then you are saying, Steve, 
that we should be genuinely interested in other 
people. We should be aware that each person is 
an individual, and we should work together in 
trying to understand each other. The key word 
is understand. 



you are in a position of leadership, you really have 
an opportunity to give of yourself, and it's an 
opportunity — even an obligation — to bring out the 
best in others and to appreciate them for what 
they are. 

Sterling Church: Most of you seem to have the 
knack or ability of getting along well when you 
meet someone for the first time. Many people 
don't have this ability. What characteristics do 
you think enables one to get along well with others 
right from the start? 

Mervin Adair: J think the biggest key is to be 
openly friendly. As soon as you meet a person, 
you should try to remember his name. 

Bruce Christensen: You should be yourself, one 
hundred per cent, and not try to be someone else. 
Just be Gayle or Bruce or Mary or whoever you are. 

Lee Hofeling: Knowing another's name is im- 
portant. But I've found that in order to continue 
conversation effectively with a person whom you 
have perhaps just met, it is important to notice 
something distinctive about him. Maybe he has 



You should be yourself 
...and not try 
to be someone else. 



Dan Chidester: / have also found that one im- 
portant thing in getting along with others, holding 
their respect, and getting them to continue to 
work with you is summarized in two words: "Thank 
you." 

Sterling Church: We've heard from the men on 
how to get along with others. Mary Lynn, they say 
that women have special ways to get what they 
want. Is this true? 

Mary Lynn Rodriguez: We are all individuals — 
people with different beliefs, different ways of 
doing things, different ways of appreciating one 
another. I think it is important that we appre- 
ciate each other for what we are. Since we are all 
different, we have different goals. We have dif- 
ferent things we can give to each other. When 



a special interest in a particular activity or hobby. 
Or perhaps he comes from an interesting part of 
the world. Show interest in something besides his 
name, and he'll appreciate it and probably always 
retain an interest in you. 

Sterling Church: At your stage in life you are 
called upon to mingle with people in different situa- 
tions, such as dating, committee work, church 
assignments, missionary efforts, school leadership 
activities. We've talked about developing early 
friendship with people, but now we'd like to know 
what, in your opinion, is the most valuable thing 
you have learned to help you keep these relation- 
ships lasting? 

Editor's Note: In a subsequent issue these CSU students 
will continue their discussion on this question. 



Jan 1 42 



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As part of their farm mechanics program, three outstanding 
young men of the Byron Ward, Big Horn [Wyoming] Stake, 
designed and built a project out of metal. 



Mike Hitz 




Dete love 




iHM 



«m iftar^ »*""«* J* -\ jt* &£k. % 



. . . won $400 as second 
grand national award 
winner . . . president of 
Byron FFA chapter . . . 
lettered in football, 
basketball, track . . . 
vice-president of senior 
class . . . junior prom 
king . . . active in Church 
activities. He designed 
and built a heavy tandem 
livestock trailer. 



isPs. 




— JL* 



. . . junior class 
officer . . . secretary of 
Explorer post . . . lettered 
in football, basketball, 
track . . . active in all 
phases of Church activity. 
He designed and built a 
portable cattle stock. 




Mike Stevens 

. . . lettered in 
football, basketball, 
track . . . all-conference 
guard (football) . . . 
organist for priesthood 
. . . honor student . . . 
student body president of 
Byron High . . . all-state 
band and choir . . . dele- 
gate to Wyoming Boys ' State. 
He designed and built a 
portable cattle hoof 
trimmer. 




ti'ihlfcf 





Claudia Gregg 

A notable accomplishment 
has been attained by- 
Claudia Gregg, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Louis R. 
Gregg, of Tempe, Arizona 
. . . She received her 
Honor Bee award and was 
given special recognition 
for having 77 honor badges 
during her two Beehive 
years. She studies oil • 
painting . . . has won 4-H 
ribbons at the state fair 
for her cooking and sewing 
ability. 




Eileen Steed: Cotillion 
"Debutante of the Year" 
18 . . . Provo, Utah . . . 
Days of '47 pageant for 
2 years . . . chosen to 
represent stake as "exem- 
plary youth in support of 
her church" . . . received 
all Individual Awards and 
MIA awards . . . serves as 
Sunday School teacher . . . 
maintained 4.0 grade- 
point average in high school. 



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OREM 27TH WARD 

1966 MIA CALIFORNIA TRIP 

PICTURE FORTY-FOUR excited MIA girls, five 
leaders, and one bus driver listening intently to a 
Tuesday night MIA session. The youth speaker, 
lacking the usual security of a stable pulpit, bal- 
ances precariously on a step, holding a loudspeaker 
in one hand and the steel rim of a bus seat in the 
other. Despite the apparent lack of physical facili- 




Left to right: Claudia Olsen, Hallie Shumway, and Susan Jacob. 



ties, the typically warm "Mormon meeting" 
atmosphere is present, tinged with an excited, 
vibrant feeling. Why the excitement? The girls, 
traveling on Highway 66, are just 100 miles from 
Las Vegas and a mere 600 miles from Los Angeles 
and the Encino-Reseda Ward in the heart of Holly- 
wood, where they are to be housed for four won- 
derful days. 

How did this all begin? A hungry Scout troop 
came in handy. Ambitious girls 'and leaders of the 
Orem (Utah) 27th Ward, combining this hungry 
asset with cake mixes, made and then sold 2,200 
cupcakes after MIA meetings. One hundred and 
ten dollars was added to the trip fund through 27 
weeks of cupcake sales. 

Girls were able to see funds grow through Satur- 
day cake sales and house-cleaning projects. Adver- 




Left to right: Claudia Olsen, Susan Stone, Hallie Shumway, Margaret 
Jacob, and Mary Jacob, 

tisements in the ward paper brought requests for 
help with housework for girls of MIA age. 

Ward members were asked to keep a supply of 
empty pop bottles on hand. A Laurel then organ- 
ized a group of Beehive girls and collected the 
bottles, which were turned in to local stores for cash. 



The Mia Maids and Laurels met on a Saturday 
for a car wash on the ward parking lot. One ward 
member, who owned a pit of potatoes that he was 




Left to right: Nancy Jolley, Christina Nimer, Lynette Pearce, Diana 
Newren, Margaret Olsen, Mary Jacob, Arlene Arnold, Gloria Beaumont, 
Sherrie Greenhalgh, Barbara Mitchell, Bob Smith — bus driver, and Connie 
Greenhalgh. 

unable to sell, gave approximately 1,500 pounds of 
potatoes to the MIA to sort and sell. 

Five active days on the trip included visits to 
the St. George Temple, Disneyland, a television 
studio, Marineland, Playa Del Rey beach, Farmer's 
Market, Forest Lawn Cemetery, a motion picture 
studio, and the Los Angeles Temple. At the Los 
Angeles Temple the girls were baptized for 856 
dead, which was the highlight of the trip. 



INGLEWOOD STAKE YOUTH WEEK 

YOUTH WEEK is a time when the youth of the 
Inglewood Stake take over the various offices of 
the stake. 

About a month before youth week, the stake 
president chose his counterpart, who, in turn, chose 
his two counselors. These three met and chose 
the high council, who went with their counterparts 
to meetings and observed them performing their 
Church activities. 

The youth then held a meeting to select bishops 
and stake MIA, Primary, and Relief Society 
officers. 

When the young people were assigned jobs, it 
meant attending all meetings, planning with their 
counterparts, and, for one week, taking complete 
responsibility for their jobs. All of the young people 
said that youth week had helped them to 
realize what little knowledge they had about the 
jobs and responsibilities of the Church. — Melinda 
McBride 



Jan|46j 



L D S Educational Opportunities -NOW 

by Lynn Eric Johnson, Ph.D. 

Director, Admissions Information and Guidance Center 

Brigham Young University 




ADMISSIONS INFORMATION AND 
GUIDANCE CENTER 

To help you be constantly informed and make the 
best possible educational decisions, the Admissions 
Information and Guidance Center at Brigham Young 
University stands ready to answer any questions 
you may have, give you an evaluation on your past 
work, and make some recommendations concerning 
your future training. We invite you to come in for 
an interview, or we can arrange for you to see a 
Church educational representative nearest you. 

BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY 

Several changes have been made in the admis- 
sion requirements at BYU for fall, 1967. These 
include the following: 

1. A $10 non-refundable application fee for all 
students who apply January 1 and thereafter. 
Its purpose is to give you better service. 

2. An April 30 deadline for application for admis- 
sion, which will allow more time for student 
advisement. The last date to take the American 
College Test will be February 18. Register now 
if you haven't already taken it. 

3. A slightly higher admission standard. Freshman 
students should be predicted to achieve at least 
a C average during their first year at BYU. This 
prediction is based on a formula combining the 
high school grades and American College Test 
results. 

4. Transfer students must have a cumulative 
grade-point average of 2.25 (C plus) on all 
college work and must have completed 15 
semester hours of college work. 

5. All new freshmen and transfer students are asked 
to have a physical examination by their family 
physician prior to admission. The examination 
has no bearing on admission but gives the BYU 
Health Center information for the assistance 
of students with special problems. 

6. Effective fall semester, 1967, tuition will in- 
crease from the present $175 a semester for 
members of The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints to $200 per semester. Tuition 
costs for nonmembers will be raised from $250 
to $325 a semester. 



BYU continuing education centers are located at 
Idaho Falls, Idaho, and Ogden and Salt Lake City, 
Utah, and offer a wide range of college and high 
school correspondence courses through the home 
study division. 

CHURCH COLLEGE OF HAWAII 

Students from the Pacific area are encouraged 
to take advantage of the many programs offered. 
Students from the mainland are asked not to apply 
for admission. 

INSTITUTES 

College-level institute of religion classes are af- 
forded students attending scores of universities, 
colleges, and trade technical schools throughout the 
United States, Canada, Mexico, and elsewhere. 

Students who do not attend Church-sponsored 
schools are urged to enroll in the excellent institute 
programs near colleges in the United States and 
Canada. 

LDS BUSINESS COLLEGE 

LDS Business College is located at 4th East and 
South Temple streets in Salt Lake City. To enroll, 
a student must be a high school graduate or over 
nineteen years of age. Two-year associate degrees, 
one-year diplomas and three-month certificates are 
offered in many office skills. 

RICKS COLLEGE 

Ricks College, located in Rexburg, Idaho, now 
has three thousand students. A high school 
diploma (or equivalent) is required for admission, 
plus the American College Test. Two-year degrees, 
a junior college diploma, and a one-year certificate 
are currently being offered. There are ten divisions 
and thirty departments on campus. 



W 




LIP SERVICE IS NOT ENOUGH 




by President S. Dilworth Young 
First Council of Seventy 



Wb 



E WERE lying in the sun 
behind the shelter of a group 
of large boulders near the top 
of one of the Wind River 
peaks. The wind was gusty and 
strong and cold; but behind 
the rocks sheltered from its 
blasts, the sun warmed us. 
The climb had been strenuous 
but exciting. 

I was with a group of 
Explorers. We opened our 
lunch and munched on the cold 
bread, cheese, dried fruit and 
nuts, and chocolate. As we 
ate and then relaxed, the boys 
became serious and began to talk about ethics, 
which they accepted but had not necessarily 
obeyed. 

Sensing that this was one of those rare 
occasions when boys open up in the presence 
of adults and allow them to peer into hearts 
and minds, I began to ask questions about 
their feelings in certain situations. For 
example: 

"Have any of you boys ever stolen things 
while you were conscious of the Scout law — 
a Scout is trustworthy?'' 

One boy spoke up: "I have. While I was 
working on my Eagle rank, every Saturday 
my boy friend and I used to go to a store 
and steal stuff just to see how much we could 





take and not get caught. We 
didn't do anything with the 
goods." 
"Didn't you feel guilty?" 
"Not especially; we knew 
we'd be punished if we were 
caught, but the wrong of it — 
the conscience part — didn't 
seem to bother us." 

"Have you done it lately?" 
"Not within a year. Some- 
how it isn't fun anymore." 

Several of the boys con- 
fessed to similar experiences of 
short or long duration. The 
Scout law had not come alive 
to them. These were words repeated once a 
week as a price for being Scouts but had no 
relation to the daily acts of the boys. 

We talked long and earnestly about the 
ethics of behaving. Nearly all present ad- 
mitted that they had little feeling for the law, 
because they had not been made to feel that 
it had any importance when they joined the 
Scout troop as twelve year olds. 

If there is a moral to this story, it must be 
that lip service to any great ethic is of no 
effect in the building of a righteous life. One 
must practice over and over again the 
ethical principle in every situation that is 
experienced. 



A SERIES OF MESSAGES TO YOUTH 
BY THE GENERAL AUTHORITIES 





sometimes . . 

you can't see the forest for the trees. 



Let's stop a moment and take a thorough look 
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THE FACT OF THE MATTER REMAINS THAT YOU CAN'T BEAT AN AMERICAN SAVINGS ACCOUNT. 



dmeticm Saving^ 

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per annum current rate 



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HOME OFFICE: 

63 South Main, Salt Lake City. Utah 84111 
SUGAR HOUSE OFFICE: 

2186 Highland Drive, Salt Lake City. Utah 84106 
GRANGER OFFICE: 

2727 West 3500 South, Salt Lake City, Utah 84119 



HAWAII DIVISIONAL OFFICE: 

71 South King St., Box 3859, Honolulu, Hawaii 96812 
KAIMUKI OFFICE: 

1142 - 12th Avenue. Honolulu, Hawaii 96816 

KALIHI OFFICE: 

1851 North Kins Street. Honolulu. Hawaii 96819 



HIL0 OFFICE: 

120 Waianuenue Avenue. Hilo, Hawaii 96720 
KAPI0LANI OFFICE: 

1602 Kapiolani Boulevard. Honolulu, Hawaii 96814 

WAIKIKI OFFICE: 

2113 Kalakaua Avenue, Honolulu. Hawaii 96815 




Here's 

How We Do 

A stimulating series from families 

on the meaning and how-to-do-it 

of home evening. 



• My husband, Bryant, and I have 
seven children: Bob, 24; Kay, 23; 
Lisa, 21; Steve, 19; John, 17; 
Marion, 15, and Tom, 13. This is 
how our family presented one les- 
son, "The Privilege of Repenting": 

After my husband and I had 
read the lesson, we discussed the 
points we wanted to emphasize and 
the assignments, which were given 
out two days before the lesson. 

On home evening my husband 
took charge. After the opening 
song and prayer, I reviewed the 
previous week's lesson on learning 
from our mistakes to make right 
choices. We find that our teen- 
agers are reluctant to talk about 
personal experiences before the 
entire family. However, Tom said, 
"It makes me feel good to know 
that Heavenly Father doesn't just 
get through with you when you 
don't do what you ought to do." 

Kay, who is training to be a 



teacher, did a fine job of introduc- 
ing the visual aid for this week's 
lesson on repentance. In the sec- 
tion of the lesson that demonstrates 
the "about face" meaning of repen- 
tance, our teenagers did not object 
to standing and turning around on 
command. In fact, they enjoyed 
it, and Steve said later it made the 
meaning clearer to him that it had 
ever been before. 

Marion told one of the stories 
from the lesson and the older 
children responded readily to her 
questions. We find that they often 
respond to each other more freely 
than when one of the parents leads 
the discussion. 

To show how repentance brings 
blessings to our lives, I told a per- 
sonal experience of how as a child 
I learned one shouldn't take money 
that isn't his. Later several of the 
children told me it helped them to 
hear my experience and to know 
that even their parents have made 
mistakes. It provided an oppor- 
tunity for me to be closer to the 
children and to admit that I have 
many faults I am still trying to 



overcome. Even parents are human! 

The lesson included many scrip- 
tures about repentance. Our fam- 
ily enjoys finding references and 
reading from tjie scriptures. We 
each have a copy of the Book of 
Mormon, and are giving copies of 
the standard works for birthday 
presents so eventually each will 
have his copy of all the standard 
works. 

My husband spoke with feeling 
about his conviction that being 
able to have our sins forgiven is 
one of our Heavenly Father's bless- 
ings to us. We have found that one 
of the best results of our home 
evenings has been that we are able 
to tell our children how we as 
parents feel about the gospel. 
When home evenings began, we 
were shocked to realize we had 
seldom taken time to do this before. 

Our recently returned missionary 
son, Bob, related a mission field 
experience that illustrated how we 
can forget our mistakes after re- 
pentance because we are forgiven 
of them. This was of great inter- 
est to his younger brothers and 



Jan 50 




sisters, as well as his parents. 

During the discussion following 
the lesson, we passed out slips of 
paper and asked each person to 
write what he thought was the first 
step to repentance. We often use 
this write-down-your-answer meth- 
od, as it gives even the reluctant 
children an opportunity to take 
part in the lesson. As a follow-up 
for the lesson, we put copies of 
these statements on the mirrors in 
the bathrooms. These visual aids 
served as reminders to each of us 
during the week and helped initiate 
dinnertime conversations about 
repentance. 

In presenting the home evening 
lessons, we have found that our 
teenage children do not like ques- 
tions about their personal feelings, 
so we try to avoid this type of dis- 
cussion. However, they often come 
to me when we are alone and talk 
freely about the subjects of the 
lessons. We feel that through these 
lessons, our family unity has im- 
proved and we have greater under- 
standing of our Heavenly Father's 
love for each of his childreu.O 



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An Older Couple 

By Sarah Johnson 

• When we received the home 
evening manual, my husband and 
I looked through it and felt that 
the lessons were written for fami- 
lies with young children, not for 
older couples whose children had 
married and left home. But we 
decided to give them a try. 

My husband asked me to study 
the introduction, read through the 
lesson, and select those sections 
that would be most beneficial to 
us. Although two interesting stories 
are given— one for children and 
the other for adults— I could see 
value in using both, because the 
story for smaller children would 
help us be more understanding of 
the emotional needs of our grand- 
children. As I prepared the les- 
son, I was impressed by the clever, 
stimulating activities, but little did 
I realize to what extent these activi- 
ties would enrich the relationship 
between me and my husband. 

That first home evening my 



Illustrated by Ted Nagata 




husband offered prayer and I pro- 
ceeded with one of the stories. He 
read the other one. We then dis- 
cussed how we could help each 
other and how we could influence 
our grandchildren to feel that they 
are precious to our Heavenly 
Father, to their parents, and to 
their grandparents. 

At the conclusion of the lesson 
we ate a dessert and played the 
suggested game, "What Do You 
Know About Me?" We found that 
even after 40 years of married life 
together neither of us was sure of 
the other's favorite color, food, 
song, friend, or flower. 

As we have continued with the 
lessons in our home evening, we 
appreciate the increased knowledge 
of the gospel we have experienced. 
But of even greater value to us has 
been the application of the gospel 
principles in our lives. We are 
grateful for the help they give us 
in developing Christlike qualities 
of character. We now believe that 
home evenings and the lessons in 
the home evening manual were 
made to order for older couples. O 



Four Children — Ages 
5 Months to 8 Years 

By Gary and Ruth Tingey 

• We have four children: Wendy, 
8; Carrie, 6; Brett, 5; and Jeanie, 
5 months. The way we handled 
the lesson "Working for the Wel- 
fare of All" is appropriate, because 
we are trying to teach our children 
responsibility through assigned 
duties. 

Wendy conducted our song, "I 
Thank Thee, Dear Father." Our 
family prayer, led by Daddy, was 
interrupted, as might be expected, 
by the baby's squealing. 

Brett and Carrie sang a song, 
"When We're Helping We're 
Happy," with Carrie singing the 
verse about mother and Brett the 
verse about father. Then Wendy 
told one of the stories in the lesson, 
using pictures for illustrations. 

Daddy told about Jesus as a boy 
and how he probably helped his 
mother carry water in clay jugs. 
We were proud to have Carrie 
interject, "I'll bet he also helped 
Joseph; he was a carpenter, you 
know." We were grateful to a 
Sunday School or Primary teacher 
who taught her so well she could 
remember this detail. 

At the conclusion of the lesson, 
we unveiled a new chart we had 
made, with spaces for each of their 
names and their duties for each 
day. After a task is finished, a star 
covers the printing. Thus far we 
have found that the chart is effec- 
tive and attracts their interest. 

For refreshments that evening, 
we had root beer floats. This part 
of our home evening ended in chaos 
when the little helpers tripped and 
spilled all five floats. But we feel 
that by helping serve the refresh- 
ments, they are learning etiquette. 

We have one problem in home 
evening, one that is probably com- 
mon to many families with young 
children. Most of the details they 
remember from their lessons are 
completely unrelated to the lesson, 
and many times we get sidetracked 
with what they learned the day 
before in Primary. 

But to us the real measure of 
home evenings is neither how 
smoothly things run nor how atten- 
tive the children are, but how much 
they remember and attempt to live 
the concepts of the lessons. We 
have learned that the more in- 



Era 53 



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The Spoken Word 



Law and Life 

Richard L. Evans 

This six-word sentence from Shakespeare suggests a deeply searching 
subject: "His own opinion was his law." 1 This brings us to the question 
of freedom and restraint, of law and who is subject to it, and the subject 
of self-control, which recalls a sentence from Goethe, who said: "What- 
ever liberates our spirit without giving us self-control is disastrous." 
All nature observes law. If it did not, life would not be possible. If 
it did not, we could not reasonably know that the seasons would move 
in succession, that there would be sufficient light or heat, that we could 
plant with any reasonable assurance of having a harvest. Nor would 
there be reasonable assurance to prepare for the future. Life is possible, 
and all that pertains to it, because God and nature administer and 
move within law, from cause to consequence. Not only life, but living 
with others is also possible because of law. Without law, no man could 
be assured of the fruits of his labors. Without law, brute force would 
prevail, the weak would be destroyed by the strong, and the strong 
would destroy themselves in their struggles for ascendancy. Without 
law there would be no peace or privacy, no protection of person or of 
property, public or private; no foreseeable future, no assurance of any- 
thing we could count on. Every man has a right to safety for his loved 
ones when he leaves them. Every person has a right to be protected 
in his person and his property and to realize the results of his prepara- 
tion for the future, and every man has an obligation to protect others 
also. No one who thinks his own opinions or appetites or inclinations 
supersede law is safe in society. To be safe— indeed, to survive— there 
must be respect for, compliance with, and enforcement of the laws of 
God and nature and the laws of the land. And the closer we come 
to lawlessness, the farther we get from reason and respect, from peace 
and prosperity, from safety and assurance. The closer we come to 
lawlessness or to encouraging lawlessness, the closer we come to chaos. 
He who feels his own opinion is his law is not a safe citizen, 

"Confirm thy soul in self-control, 
Thy liberty in law." 2 

i Shakespeare, Henry VIII, Act IV, sc. 2. 
-Katherine Lee Bates, "America, the Beautiful." 

"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System November 6, 1966. Copyright 1966. 



formal and simple the lessons, the 
better they are learned. After 
small children sit all day in school 
and Primary, they want to relax 
and enjoy their homes. O 

A Young Married 
Couple 

By Steve and Pat Boyden 

• We have been married two and 
a half years and have a one-year- 
old son. Many of our peers feel 
no need to hold home evenings, 
since their tiny children are not yet 
able to understand the lessons, but 
we do not agree. 

From studying the lessons to- 
gether we have increased our 
knowledge of the gospel, but more 



important, we have learned practi- 
cal ways of applying gospel 
principles. We know that only by 
our having a clear understanding 
of gospel precepts can we hope to 
teach our children the ways of the 
Lord. 

After beginning with prayer, we 
take turns presenting the lesson. 
We cover the approaches for all 
ages of children. This gives us an 
opportunity to anticipate many of 
the problems we might someday 
face and to determine what our 
reactions will be. We follow the 
manual closely, adding personal 
experiences whenever possible. 

By carrying out the assignments, 
we feel that we can benefit in our 
individual spiritual growth as well 



as a large family can. And when 
the lesson refers to particular 
scriptures, we often look up addi- 
tional ones to more fully explore 
the subject. We find that this is 
a helpful and enjoyable way of 
brushing up on our scriptures. 

After we have the lesson, we 
have what we term our "business 
meeting." Since we are attending 
school, it is important that we 
budget our income carefully, and 
we discuss this and any other per- 
sonal problems that we might have. 
We firmly believe that when chan- 
nels of communication are open, 
there is harmony in the home.O 

A Group of Widows 

By Edyth Romney 

• Our little group of nine look for- 
ward to Thursday night, which is 
family night in our stake. Each 
Thursday since the home evening 
program was introduced, we have 
met to study and discuss the lessons 
and, on ocasion, have social activ- 
ities. 

Each of us lives alone, and seven 
of us have apartments in the same 
building. We alternate meeting in 
each other's homes, with the 
hostess preparing and serving the 
refreshments. 

We find that the lessons are very 
practical, and we never lack for 
material to apply to our lives. Five 
of us take turns in presenting the 
lessons, and we find that we have 
developed a greater love for each 
other and our fellowmen, as well 
as for our Father in heaven, 
through studying the lessons. 

One of the challenging and most 
interesting features of our home 
evening is the application of the 
lesson. A recent lesson on fellow- 
shipping provided an excellent op- 
portunity for us to visit members 
of the ward whom we didn't know 
well. Our ward is located in an 
area of many apartment houses, 
with a high turnover rate. Each 
of us took the names of new mem- 
bers and visited them, welcoming 
them to our ward and getting ac- 
quainted with them. 

In connection with a lesson on 
loving our fellowmen, we went as 
a group to visit a woman who has 
been bedridden for several years 
with heart trouble and a broken 
hip. She and her husband ex- 
pressed great appreciation for the 



j Jan J 54 



visit, which blessed us also. 

One of the great benefits of our 
home evening group has been the 
spirit of fellowship and love gen- 
erated among and between the 
members. We have had dinners 
together, attended a concert, met 
for a Saturday morning breakfast, 
and had a picnic lunch at a nearby 
park. 

The group is organized with a 
president and a secretary. Each 
home evening is opened with 
prayer, and whenever we meet in 
a home where there is a piano, we 
sing hymns. Members of our 
group are Gladys Nichol and her 
sister, Edith Gold; Minnie Lund- 
wall, Clara Russon, Mary Stone, 
Caroline Ascough, Dorothy Hud- 
speth, and Elva Rigby. O 

Three Children — 
Ages 9 to 16 

By Suzanne Porter 

• On a recent Thursday evening 
our family gathered for home 
evening and the lesson, "Recog- 
nizing the Worth of Our Brothers 
and Sisters." There are five chil- 
dren in our family, but only three 
of us are at home: Janice, 9; Bryant, 
12; and me (I'm 16). Our two 
older brothers are Dwight, who is 
serving a mission in Central 
Germany, and Sherril, who filled 
a mission to Ireland and is now 
attending Brigham Young Uni- 
versity. 

For this lesson, I was asked to be 
in charge. A few days before 
home evening, I studied the 
material and planned how to make 
it apply most effectively to our 
family. I wanted the lesson to be 
special, since its message is such 
an important ingredient for a 
happy home. 

Our home evening began at 7 
p.m. I had arranged a circle of 
chairs around the piano. Janice 
led the singing and I played the 
piano. Then I told the family of 
the lesson's goal so that Bryant. 
in offering the invocation, could 
ask for Heavenly Father's help in 
our accomplishing it. 

After prayer, I again stressed the 
goal of the lesson and we discussed 
the meaning of brotherhood, using 
the scriptures and examples given 
in the lesson manual. We talked 
about the rewards of looking for 
good in our brothers and sisters 



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The Spoken Word 



The Conduct of One Hour 

Richard L. Evans 

There is an old oriental proverb that reads, "The reputation of a thou- 
sand years may be determined by the conduct of one hour." 1 Sometimes 
it may not seem to be just and fair for such short intervals to be so 
all important, for things that matter so much to be made and unmade 
by the act of one moment, or for the labor of a lifetime to be laid low 
by one ill-advised hour. But it isn't the length of time that matters 
so much as what goes before, or what has happened inside, to make 
any particular act or action possible: the qualities of character, the 
habits, the thinking that precede our performance. Some things we 
do, no doubt, are only inadvertent acts, and some may be unmistakable 
accidents; but there is a set of background circumstances that leads to 
every act and incident. The word that cannot be recalled, the deed 
that cannot be undone-these may be only occurrences of carelessness, 
or they may be evidence of something more significant inside. We all 
make mistakes, but when a man makes a serious mistake, he must expect 
to be placed on probation in the opinion of other people until they 
satisfy themselves as to whether the mistake was an inadvertent error 
or an indication of some corrosion of character, some lack of loyalty, 
some perversion of principle. Of course, people can repent; and when 
repentance is sincere, we must accept it. We can and must forgive a 
repentant person for a momentary misstep. But it is often easier for 
men to forgive than to forget, and somehow old errors may keep 
cropping up. This is only one reason, besides what happens inside, 
why it is so everlastingly important to be on guard against the ill-advised 
action of any one moment, of any one hour, or of all the hours of life. 
The reputation of a lifetime-and many things even much more important 
than reputation-may be determined by the conduct of one hour or 
by the misstep of a moment. There is no doubt about it: there is 
a premium paid for constancy and consistency of performance; there 
is a premium paid for enduring consistently to the end. 

ljapanese Proverb 14:18. 

"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System November 13, 1966. Copyright 1966. 



instead of seeing their faults, and 
as the discussion continued, I could 
feel that the goal was taking on 
real meaning for our family. 

We were now ready to accept 
the assignment. After Janice passed 
out paper and pencils, we each 
wrote down the name of one per- 
son we had previously criticized 
and added good points about this 
person. We then discussed how 
we might find good traits in 
others. 

To tie in with the lesson, Mother 
read a poem, "I Know Something 
Good About You," and gave each 
of us a copy. Father also told of 
a recent personal experience that 
illustrated the good effects of kind- 
ness and concern for others. 

After a closing hymn and prayer, 



we played a game and enjoyed 
popcorn and mints as refreshments. 
It was a most enjoyable evening 
for all of us, and we felt that the 
lesson had truly helped us strength- 
en our family relationships. O 

Two Children — 
Ages 7 and 5 

By John D. Cramer 

• Please add our names to the list 
of those who appreciate home 
evenings. Living in the mission 
field, we often meet people of other 
faiths. It has become important to 
us to have a time when our two 
daughters can talk over conflicting 
ideas they hear from their friends. 
We try to answer their questions 



as they arise, but home evening 
gives an even greater opportunity 
for further discussion. 

In preparing for home evening, 
I read first the section of the les- 
son on preschool children and then 
the entire lesson. We plan for a 
15-minute lesson, but this almost 
always lengthens to half an hour. 
A nonmember friend recently said, 
"What a shame it is that we so 
seldom take time to listen to our 
little ones and hear all their won- 
derful thoughts." Our home eve- 
ning is a special time for the 
children to express their thoughts 
and ideas. 

At each family evening, one of 
the girls gives the opening prayer 
and the other the closing. We move 
through the lessons slowly, stopping 
whenever one of the girls raises 
her hand to speak. Often their 
comments do not pertain exactly 
to the lesson, but we listen and 
then work their comments into the 
current or a previous lesson. 

Thanks to the Sunday School and 
Primary, they know many songs 
and sing with gusto. Though their 
reading ability is limited, they en- 
joy underlining the scriptures in 
their own copies of the standard 
works. We try not to discuss 
things beyond their comprehension, 
so we often must reword the 
scriptures for them. 

An important part of our home 
evening is when we discuss prob- 
lems that have arisen during the 
week. Remarkable changes have 
come as the result of these discus- 
sions. Last spring a little neighbor 
boy was playing with his father's 
gun and accidentally wounded our 
daughter Melanie. The bullet 
damaged nerves in her left hand. 
Our home evening lesson shortly 
afterward reminded us that we 
must forgive and show love for 
everyone. The children sent the 
boy a gift of the Children's Friend 
for his birthday. 

Prayer has also become more im- 
portant to our daughters. Not only 
do they offer more thoughtful 
prayers, but they also turn more 
to prayer when they need help. 

The home evening lessons re- 
mind us that our little ones are 
most important to us. Though the 
children must be disciplined and 
taught right from wrong, the les- 
sons help us teach them with love 
and purpose and to understand the 
ways of our Heavenly Father. O 



Jan 56 



Eight Children- 
Ages 3 to 16 

By Grant Hardy 

• We have eight children, ranging 
in age from three to 16. To please 
both ends of this age spectrum in 
our home is not easy. At times we 
wonder if it is just simply impos- 
sible, but through experience in 
trying to find an approach that 
will interest the little children as 
well as challenge the more sophis- 
ticated teenagers, we have come 
up with a formula of three p's: 
preparation, participation, and 
preview. 

To get the children involved is 
a matter of sound planning. My 
wife and I have learned that we 
need to discuss together each les- 
son to make it fit the needs of our 
family. Sometimes our considera- 
tion is not who could best give a 
part of the lesson as much as who 
might benefit most from that 
participation. We have had some 
choice experiences in discussing 
each of our children, their needs, 
and their strengths. Our main con- 
cern is keeping channels of com- 
munication open with them. Home 
evening has certainly helped us to 
understand and help them in a 
more systematic way. 

For example, for lesson 14, 
"Jesus Teaches Us to Show Com- 
passion," we divided up the lesson 
as follows: 

David, age 16— Story of Christ's 
visit to the Nephite people. (His 
seminary studies helped make this 
especially interesting. ) 

Becky, 14— "Case 1" and piano 
solo. 

Ruth, 12— Story of the unmerci- 
ful servant and story of Carol and 
Steve. She also prepared refresh- 
ments. 

Debby, 10— Story of Jesus feed- 
ing the 4,000 and "case 2." 

Steven, 9— Invocation. He also 
directed the game "evidence" at 
the end of the lesson. 

Mary, 7— Demonstration on how 
a watermelon seed grows if it is 
properly nourished and cared for. 
She also gave the benediction. 

Anne, 5— Story of Marian. 

Mark, 3, usually gives one of 
the prayers (with the help of my 
wife or me ) and participates in the 
discussion. 

My wife and I divided up the 
rest of the lesson and the review 



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of the previous week's lesson. 

Because of the wide age spread 
in our family, we have found that 
the younger children sometimes 
lose interest in the discussions. So 
we have asked the two older girls 
to prepare the special pre-school 
lessons and take turns giving them 
to the three youngest children. 
This has worked very well, and the 
girls are maturing because of the 
experience. 

This part of the lesson is given 
just before the regular family hour. 
At first we anticipated the little 
ones would play quietly while the 
older ones discussed the lesson, but 
it has worked out differently. They 
want to hear our discussion too. 
The lessons mean so much more to 
them on these occasions, and we 
have not lost the family unity we 
wanted to keep but feared we 
would lose by having "split 
sessions." O 

Six Children — Ages 
2 to 16 — and Guests 

By Ivan B. Cutler 

• With our two oldest daughters 
away at college, home evening is 
not quite the same. However, 
compared to some families we may 
appear crowded, with Chris, 16; 
Raymond, 13; Bonita, 10; Connie, 
9; Ralph, 7, and Willard, 2. In 
addition to our children, our home 
evening group also includes Grand- 
mother Cutler, who lives next door, 
and Brian, a young returned mis- 
sionary who lives with us. 

We planned our lesson on fast- 
ing to take place the Thursday 
before fast day, so we might make 
application of the principles before 
they were forgotten. 

Usually the Sunday before each 



lesson Mom and Dad read the les- 
son, discuss it, and assign parts. 
Mom helps the younger ones pre- 
pare and reminds the older ones 
to study their assignments. For 
this lesson, Bonita, Raymond, Brian, 
and Dad were given assignments. 
Others were to help with songs, 
prayers, activities, and refresh- 
ments. Because Bonita loves to 
act, we asked her to tell the story 
"A Pretend Picnic." Raymond and 
Brian were to discuss the sections 
of the lesson on prayer and re- 
joicing, the two concepts we felt 
to be most important for our fam- 
ily to learn to accept. 

At the conclusion of the lesson, 
our assignment to each member of 
the family (except the two year 
old) was twofold: (1) to fast for 
24 hours and pay a fast offering, 
and (2) to be aware that prayer 
and rejoicing should take place 
while fasting. 

To carry out the first part of the 
assignment, each child receives the 
actual cost of his meals ( 50 cents ) 
as his fast offering contribution. He 
fills out his own contribution slip 
and encloses the money if he has 
fasted both meals. Without any 
coercion from . parents, all of the 
children except the youngest are 
often able to fast two meals 
successfully. 

We find that the success of our 
home evening is measured by the 
attitude changes experienced by 
each of us. We often have an 
indication of this when family 
prayer is said by one of the chil- 
dren. For this particular lesson, a 
real change in attitude was noted 
on fast Sunday. The usual moans 
and complaints were missing. I 
believe our family now has a new 
attitude and a better insight into 
rejoicing as part of fasting. O 



Mormons in a Far Land 

By Val Camenish Wilcox 

(Addis Ababa, Ethiopia) 

Once a week those blessed Sabbath mornings, 
Those meetings where but several people came, 
Recalled the words of Jesus, our Redeemer: 
"Where two or three are gathered in my name, 
There am I also." As we felt his spirit, 
Our everyday abodes chapels became. 



I Jan 58 





Two scenes from 
Walt Disney's 
Follow Me, Boys : 
Left, Fred 
MacMurray 
with Boy Scoxit 
troop ; right, 
MacMurray, 
Kurt Russell, 
and Vera Miles. 



Best of Movies 



• Walt Disney's name alone is 
recommendation for any film, but 
a bonus is offered when a Disney 
movie is coupled with the casting 
of Fred MacMurray and Vera 
Miles. 

This is the happy combination 
for Follow Me, Boys, made from a 
MacKinlay Kantor story about Boy 
Scouts. MacMurray, who plays a 
saxophone, is a wandering musician 
who decides he wants to settle 
down in a small town. Although he 
might be considered a little old for 
romantic leads, he continues to 
give roles of this type a believabil- 
ity and wholesomeness they need. 
He meets Miss Miles in the small 
town where he decides to settle. He 
becomes a Pied Piper of sorts for 
the delinquent-prone youngsters of 
the town and accomplishes much 
good, with the type of heart and 
comedy for which he and Disney 
are famed. 

Viewers will enjoy the things that 
happen when MacMurray goes into 
camp with the Scouts. It's heart- 
warming and entertaining. 

75 Paris Burning? is a realistic, 
honest depiction of one of the most 
emotional events in modern his- 



By Howard Pearson 

tory. The story takes place at the 
liberation of Paris from the Nazis 
during World War II. Old news- 
reel footage has been combined 
with authentically dramatized por- 
trayals of events that happened at 
the time of the liberation. 

The movie spotlights the major 
groups attempting to liberate Paris 
before the Allied forces reached 
the city. Its main focus, however, 
is on the drama between Hitler's 
Gen. Dietrich Von Choltitz, played 
magnificently by Gert Frobe, and 
the Swedish minister to Paris, 
Raoul Nordling, portrayed equally 
well by Orson Welles. 

Hitler has ordered his general to 
destroy Paris— all its buildings, the 
Eifel Tower, the Louvre, the 
bridges— everything. Nordling, at- 
tempting to save the city, presents 
a dramatic appeal to Von Choltitz. 

The film has many exciting mo- 
ments: the argument of the Allies 
about whether or not to invade the 
city; the murder of French stu- 
dents; the shipping to Germany of 
many French people; the mining 
of the tower and the bridges by 
the Nazis; and the final entry into 
Paris of French and American 



troops. This last event is one of 
beautiful triumph. 

The film's events have been re- 
searched well and are true within 
the framework of the happening 
itself. Most of the characters in 
the story represent actual people, 
some of whom are still alive. As 
an epilogue, the black and white 
film has a beautiful color segment 
showing scenes of Paris today. 

Other films that Latter-day 
Saints might find entertaining, 
amusing, edifying, or delightful 
are: The Bible . . . in the Begin- 
ning, an inspiring spectacle of the 
first six chapters of Genesis, told 
in the words of the scriptures; 
Gentle Ben, an adventure about a 
young boy who adopts a wild bear; 
Rings Around the World, a presen- 
tation of circus acts from many 
countries, with Don Ameche as 
narrator; The Wrong Box, a com- 
edy spoof with mystery, suspense, 
slapstick, and Victorian romance; 
Romeo and Juliet, the Prokfiev 
ballet, which features Britain's 
Royal Ballet and its stars, Rudolf 
Nureyev and Margot Fonteyn; 
Texas Across the River, a spoof on 
westerns, which stars Dean Martin. 



Motion pictures reviewed on this page are neither approved nor recom- 
mended by the Church or the Era. They are, however, in the judgment of 
the reviewer, among the least objectionable of the current films. 



Era] 59 



• It is often easy at testimony meeting to identify 
the mother of a newborn baby as the father prepares 
to give it a name and a father's blessing. On her 
face, for all the congregation to see, are mirrored 
joy, pride, and happiness. 

To the parents, no such child was ever before 
born into the world. They are right. - Their baby is 
unique— no other child in all the world is like him. 
What plans! What ideals! What goals they have in . 
mind for their little one! They dream— and reverently 
so— of helping him become all that our Heavenly 
Father intended him to be. 

The years pass by quickly. The precious baby 
soon becomes a mischievous child full of curiosity 
and into everything. As the child goes from one 
thing to another, a frown hardens on the face of the 
mother. Sharp words explode from the father, in 
contrast to those calming words at the testimony 
meeting long ago. What has happened, that this 
precious child has now become a nuisance, a bother? 
Is he less precious now than when he was a baby? 



Soon the child becomes a teenager. Unfortunately, 
judging from their agitation, what a trial he has be- 
come to his parents! How his speech patterns and 
actions embarrass them! His values? "My, how they 
are unlike ours!" his parents say. What happened to 
these thoughts, dreams, plans that were so much a 
part of that blessing given the child years ago? 

At such a time in the life of the child, things need 
to be placed in perspective— and should have been 
long ago. If the dreams parents have for their baby 
are to come true, they must lay early the foundation 
for their fulfillment. For example, can one expect 
a child to learn how to behave properly at the dinner 
table with company when he has never before 
experienced eating in the dining room at a table with 
a snow-white cloth and set with the best dishes and 
silver? Oh, I know— the little child will spill food 
on the cloth; he will chip or break the good dishes. 
Wait until he is older and knows how to act; then 
he may eat in the dining room with guests. 

But is a guest more important than one's own child? 



Parents' Dreams and Home Evening 





Why not give children choice experiences while 
they are young? Give them a sense of appreciation 
for nice things and the care such things should have. 

For a number of years our Church leaders have 
been putting forth great effort to help parents make 
home what God intends it to be— a place of peace and 
happiness, where each member has a sense of be- 
longing, where family members play, work, and sing 
together, where people are most important. 

But in our frantic race to accumulate worldly wealth, 
things have become more important than people. 
Social prestige and influence have become paramount. 
In general, the world welcomes those who are suc- 
cessful and gives a nod of approval to those who have 
money to buy material things. Hence, in young and 
old alike, there is often a desperate struggle to become 
"successful," to feel needed in the world, to receive 
the world's approval, and to feel secure in places 
outside the home. 

It is not surprising, then, that some homes have 
become hurried, pressured places in which there is no 



time to do those things that make us feel truly secure, 
wanted, and needed. There seldom seems time to 
do what we ought to do at the time that we ought 
to do it. 

This is only one reason that one hour each week 
spent with our family in a well-organized family hour 
is a priceless experience for both parents and children. 
Is anyone too busy for that? In a short time, after 
our children will have left us, what wouldn't we then 
give for an hour with our family gathered around us! 
But by then it is too late. The product of our early 
dreams and our actual home life will already have 
been molded, for better or for worse. 

Call your family together regularly. Come to know 
each other intimately. Share with each other your 
hopes, your ideals, your goals, your problems, your 
discouragements, your misgivings, your fears. What 
a pillar of strength we could be to one another! And 
there is no better way to keep those early dreams 
foremost in our mind as we help each of our children 
to unfold his own unique greatness, o 



By Thelma de Jong 



Thelma de Jong is clinical supervisor of secondary education 
at Brigham Young University and a member of the Primary 
general board. 



Illustrated by Warren and 
Phyllis Luch 



JTT7 Tfy 



V 



The 
Effective 
Teacher 



By A. LaVar Thornock 

Coordinator of the Snake River Valley District Seminaries 

• Recently someone asked this question: "How can 
anyone determine how effective a teacher really is?" 

Numerous thoughts raced through my mind as I 
sought a concise and simple answer. I was aware of 
statements of philosophers and great thinkers, of 
voluminous writings enumerating the characteristics 
of the master teacher, and of various modern findings 
in character education. I remembered many exciting 
classes that dealt with the subject, along with a few 
unproductive ones that I had personally attended 
during my own school years. And, finally, I recalled 
my experience the past few years as a seminary 
coordinator. All of these flashed through my mind 
as I realized, with my associates, the implications 
behind the thought-provoking question. 

Henry Adams has said, "A teacher affects eternity; 
he can never tell where his influence stops." I am 
certain this is true; thus, it is possible we will never 
know how effective a teacher really is. But there 
are some indicators we can observe that let us know 
whether or not he may be effective. 

What are these common denominators that are ob- 
servable in most master teachers? The key to this 
question is to determine what it was that made Jesus 
Christ the greatest teacher of all time. 

The one readily discernible attribute that doubtless 
gave birth to all the other great qualities Jesus 
portrayed was his great capacity to love. Let us look 
at three general areas in which his love was clearly 
evident: First, there was his great love for his Father 
and for the plan of exaltation initiated in the pre- 
mortal life. Second, there was his genuine love for 
all mankind as his brothers and sisters. Third, there 
was his personal acceptance of himself as literally the 
Son of God. His own self-image as the Son of God 
gave him confidence and knowledge so evident to his 



audiences that they described him as one who taught 
with authority. (See Matt. 7:29.) 

Any teacher who develops these attributes will be 
effective and productive. Those who enter his class 
will be impressed immediately with the beauty and 
spirituality radiating from his enthusiastic personality. 
Although these attributes come from the inner man, 
they are reflected in numerous ways that may be ob- 
served in the actions of the outer man. 

Love of God 

We discern the depth of a teachers love for his 
Father in heaven as we pray with him, see his faith, 
and note his loyalty to God's anointed. We see it in 
his expressed reverence for life and, more especially, 
in his respect for motherhood and fatherhood. Lowell 
Bennion notes: "The real gospel teacher has a basic, 
underlying commitment to his Father in heaven. He 
seeks to know his will, to live worthy of his Spirit, 
to be courageously loyal to his attributes and to his 
purposes. He lives and teaches for him. He is 
engaged in his work." (The Instructor, March 1966, 
p. 106.) 

The teacher who loves his Heavenly Father does 
not rely on his own wisdom and knowledge, regardless 
of how extensive his training and preparation might 
be. He seeks strength and guidance through prayer. 
President David O. McKay has said: ". . . every 
teacher in the world— should offer a prayer before he 
meets his students. The teacher, sensing his responsi- 
bility, should realize his dependence upon a greater 
power. 

"Teachers have the greatest responsibility of any- 
one in the world— the guidance of a human soul!" 
(The Instructor, September 1965, p. 343.) 

There is about the teacher who seeks the compan- 
ionship of the Spirit of the Lord a sincerity that 
permeates the classroom and is felt by all. This 
teacher knows he must harmonize his life with the 
gospel so that he will be worthy of the promptings 
of the Spirit. 

Love of Fellowman 

Everyone is impressed with Christ's ability to 
understand and accept all of his Father's children. He 
understood and accepted the tax collector, the wine- 
bibber, the adulterer, the physically ill, the soldier, 
the lawyer, the aged, the child. His mind and heart 
were not compartmentalized by prejudices and hates. 
He had the ability to separate the sin from the 
sinner. He taught them all by using stories or parables 
that were on subjects familiar to his audiences and 
that portrayed the great principles he desired his 
listeners to understand. 



Jan[62 





The effective teacher sees and understands his 
students as separate individuals. He is sensitive to 
their personal needs, and he appeals to their needs 
in order to excite and involve them in the principles 
of the gospel. He realizes that, in a sense, every 
person born into the world fills a space. He comes 
to understand that this space is very personal and 
that no one enters another's space until he is invited to 
do so by the person who occupies it. Otherwise he 
will be treated as an intruder and, consequently, 
rejected. Thus it becomes a real challenge for the 
teacher to find a way to enter each student's personal 
space. He must understand that this space, filled 
as it is with emotionally toned experiences, will repel 
logic, reasoning, and whisperings of the Spirit unless 
the student has confidence in and respect for the 
teacher. 

The effective teacher develops great variety in his 
methodology and in his presentation so that his les- 
sons appeal to each student's need for new experiences. 
His lessons are exciting because he has prepared them 
creatively. Each lesson involves the majority, if not 
all, of his students. Ample recognition is given each 
student who participates so that he feels his con- 
tribution is important. Each student develops a 
feeling of freedom to express his true feelings, know- 
ing his teacher will understand even if the student's 
responses are not in harmony with most of his 
peers. Consequently, those students learn that they 
can get recognition without resorting to negative 
behavior. 

The productive teacher develops a mature philos- 
ophy of discipline with progressive steps to take care 
of each situation as it arises in the classroom. His 
discipline is firm, fair, friendly, and consistent. The 
students feel secure, because they know where 
the limits are. They develop an inner discipline that 
seldom challenges the limits set by the teacher, be- 
cause they respect and admire him. Such students 
know their teacher genuinely loves each of them and 
that he is interested in their lives. 

The effective teacher is sensitive to minimal cues. 
He does not ignore the student who comes to class 
visibly upset, the student who daydreams, the student 
who is a social misfit, the student who is boisterous. 
In fact, he notes any action that reflects unhappiness. 
He reflects to these students an interest that permits 
them to share their burden, knowing that he will 
help them because he really loves and understands 
them. 

The good teacher learns to listen to feelings 
expressed by students rather than to words alone, 
since words are often misleading. If a student asks 
a common academic question, but is motivated by a 



The Spoken Word 



Full Performance 

Richard L. Evans 



The parable of the talents is still in force, and it is more than a parable; 
it is. an effective truth that tends to shape a person to the size and 
capacity that he sets for himself with his willingness or unwillingness 
to use the gifts and opportunities that God has given. There are those 
who slow down, who reduce themselves, who refuse to work as well 
as they can, to do as well as they can, to produce as well as they can, to 
perform as well as they can. This is a self-defeating process that is 
often in evidence. But there is another side of this subject in which 
some are held back by actions or attitudes or decisions other than their 
own, as, for example, in the learning process, when someone decides 
that all students should move at the same pace. It isn't easy to change 
the pattern or the pace for all the individual aptitudes. But if we 
reconcile ourselves to say that since we can't speed up the slow ones 
we must slow down the fast ones, the resulting waste and frustration 
cannot be calculated. All have their gifts, their strengths, their weaknesses. 
their various abilities and different capacities, and progress comes with 
freedom to move forward and not from holding back in an attempt to 
equalize everything. Some would slow down thinking; some would 
slow down working; some would seem to want to slow down any process 
of improvement. But if people hadn't been permitted to use their free 
and forward-moving powers, life would be impoverished. Every man 
should give full measure, and so receive, and not grudgingly withhold 
himself or slow down his thought, his abilities, his full powers of per- 
formance. Every man should become the best he can become, and make 
what he can make, and do what he can do. Every child, every student 
should be permitted to move forward freely, constructively, to the best 
of his ability. And he who is grudging in his learning, in his teaching, 
in serving, in doing, will, like the unprofitable servant, lose much he 
might have had. God help us to go ahead with the freedom, with the 
gifts and talents and opportunities he has given, and not be less than 
the best we can. 

"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System, October 9, 1966. Copyright 1966. 



personal reason, the teacher should 
know this. For example, a student 
asks the following question: "If 
a couple were not married in the 
temple but otherwise are living 
good lives, won't they have each 
other and their children in the 
hereafter?" 

To answer such a question, a 
teacher might have the student turn 
to the scriptures and then feel that 
he has done a commendable job. 
However, if he really loves this 
student and knows why the ques- 
tion was asked, he will be much 
more effective if he also tells a 
faith-promoting story of someone 
who, through prayer and living the 
gospel, had such an influence on 
her parents that they came to a 



knowledge and testimony of the 
gospel and then went to the temple, 
having their family sealed to them. 

In the first situation, the student 
might leave the class thinking, 
"Shucks, what is the use of even 
trying to live the gospel? I won't 
be with my parents anyway." In 
the second situation, the student 
will probably leave the class think- 
ing, "Boy, I've really got to shape 
up and help my parents under- 
stand the gospel so they will go to 
the temple and have me sealed 
to them." 

Thus, the effective teacher 
knows the tremendous strength of 
three little words: me, here, now! 
He knows that the great stories 
and principles given to the peoples 



and prophets of the past will have 
little effect on the lives of his 
students until he can make them 
meaningful in their lives here and 
now. 

Love of Self 

Brigham Young said, "The great- 
est lesson you can learn is to know 
yourselves. When we know our- 
selves, we know how to deal with 
our neighbors. You have come 
here to learn this. You cannot 
learn it immediately, neither can 
all the philosophy of the age teach 
it to you; you have to come here 
to get a practical experience and to 
know yourselves. You will then 
begin to learn more perfectly the 
things of God. No being can thor- 
oughly know himself, without 
understanding more or less of the 
things of God; neither can any 
being learn and understand the 
things of God, without knowing 
himself; he must know himself, or 
he can never know God." (Journal 
of Discourses, Vol. 8, pp. 334-35.) 

In considering the area of love 
of self, the effective teacher devel- 
ops a practice of self-examination. 
Through introspection, he comes 
to understand a great deal about 
why he thinks and feels as he 
does. He does not forget his 
present or past weaknesses, but, be- 
cause he understands the atonement 
and the principles of repentance, 
he comes to accept himself. He 
makes his past failures work for 
him, rather than against him. 

Although he knows that his ulti- 
mate goal is perfection, he does 
not take himself too seriously. He 
has a sense of humor, which helps 
him over the rough spots in the 
classroom. When he makes a mis- 
take, he can laugh at himself and 
not be so threatened that he loses 
his composure. 

As he gains experience, he also 
gains a testimony of the real pur- 
pose of life. He knows that God 
lives and that he controls the uni- 
verse. He understands that just as 
surely as the universe is controlled 
by physical law, there are also 
spiritual laws that are absolute. 
He develops a very personal rela- 
tionship with the God of this earth, 
and in a spirit of gratitude, he 
realizes he has a mission and a 
destiny. Part of that destiny is to 
be an effective teacher. 



Jan 64 



Buffs 

and 

Rebuffs 

Poetry of S. Dilworth Young 

In the September issue I was in- 
trigued by the poetry written by 
President S. Dilworth Young of the 
First Council of the Seventy and 
would like to read the entire work 
from which your excerpts were taken. 
I thought his poetry was a moving 
and graphic description of the Prophet 
and of Vermont landscape, written in 
a style that young and old could 
enjoy. 

Mrs. George L. Knepp 
Salt Lake City 

President Young's poetry is some of 
the finest I have read dealing with 
Mormon history. I have almost com- 
pletely committed it to memory. 
Mrs. Eva L. Hassell 
Los Alamos, New Mexico 

The stanzas titled "The Boyhood of 
Joseph Smith" brought a certain good- 
ness and meaning to me that I had 
not had before. 

Gloria Petersen 
Houston, Texas 

My wife and I and our friends very 
much enjoyed the poems of S. Dil- 
worth Young. Poetry of this caliber 
on such a subject is very rare. 

Lynn J. Bennion 
Boston, Mass. 

His poetry is set forth in strong 
imagery, in straight-forward move- 
ment of line and language, and with 
an excellent feeling of reality. 
Claire Noall 
Salt Lake City 

I find it to be one of the clearest 
and most refreshing presentations of 
the Prophet's life that I have yet 
read. 

E. Alan Pettit 
Bakersfield, California 

Poetry does not normally appeal to 
me, but I was deeply touched by 
the emotion expressed in President 
Young's verse. It is an exceptional 
work. Will you be publishing more 
of it? 

Kay M. Wallace 
Denver, Colorado 

Few articles or poems have elicited 
as much favorable public response 
as has President Young's poetry. We 
are pleased to announce that in a 
future issue we will carry additional 
excerpts from President Young's book- 



The Spoken Word 



What Are We Waiting For? 

Richard L. Evans 

It sometimes seems that we live as if we wonder when life is going to 
begin. It isn't always clear just what we are waiting for, but some of 
us sometimes persist in waiting so long that life slips by— finding us still 
waiting for something that has been going on all the time. There are 
fathers waiting for a better time to become acquainted with their sons, 
perhaps until other obligations are less demanding. But one of these 
days these sons are going to be grown and gone, and the best years 
for knowing them, for enjoying them, for teaching, and for understand- 
ing them may also be gone. There are mothers who at their earliest 
convenience sincerely intend to be more attentive to the plans and the 
problems, to the goings and comings, of their daughters, and who are 
going to be more companionable. But time passes, distance widens, 
and children grow up and away. There are old friends who are going 
to enjoy each other a little more, but the years move on. There are 
husbands and wives who are going to be more understanding, more 
considerate. But time alone does not draw people closer. There are 
men who are going to give up bad habits; there are people who are 
going to eat more wisely; there are those who are going to live within 
their means— sometime soon. There are those who are going to take 
more interest in their government. But when? There is no reason to 
doubt all such good intentions, but when in the world are we going 
to begin to live as if we understood that this is life? This is our time, 
our day, our generation. Heaven and the hereafter will have its own 
opportunities and obligations. This is the life in which the work of 
this life is to be done. Today is as much a part of eternity as any day 
a thousand years ago or as will be any day a thousand years hence. 
This is it, whether we are thrilled or disappointed, busy or bored! This 
is life, and it is passing. What are we waiting for? 

"The Spoken Word" from Temple Square, presented over KSL and the Columbia 
Broadcasting System November 27, 1966. Copyright 1966. 



length poem, on the life of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith, 

His poetry is very lovely; but the 
thing I like best is that it is easy to 
read. 

Ada Adams 
Denver, Colorado 

It Gets Around 

What happy memories come to me 
when I read the Era and remember 
my association with Latter-day Saints 
around the world. Particularly did I 
enjoy the September "Era Asks" on 
converts. You may be interested in 
how one magazine gets around. I 
sent it to a friend at college, who 
posted it to a boy in the forces, who 
in turn sent it to another friend at 
medical college. 

Mary H. Walker 
Yorkshire, England 

What Do Saints Know of Each Other? 

I was somewhat puzzled in reading 
in September's "Era Asks" the state- 
ments of stake leaders from several 
nations and to learn of their apparent 
lack of knowledge concerning fellow 



Latter-day Saints around the world. 
With the many missionaries in many 
parts of the world, visits of general 
authorities and auxiliary leaders, the 
Church News, the Era, and wide- 
spread temple publicity, I wonder if 
the statements printed were edited in 
the interest of space and if there were 
not some qualifying comments. 

Max B. Zimmer 
Bountiful, Utah 

All "Era Asks" interviews are tape 
recorded. A careful check of the tape 
for this interview shows that a faith- 
ful and accurate reprint was made, 
with no qualifying comments left out. 

From the Halls of Montezuma 

As a U.S. Marine, I want to express 

how I enjoy the Era, how welcome it 

is to read, and how much good it does 

for those of us in the military services. 

Cpl. Ronald D. Christensen 

San Diego, California 

I wish all youth everywhere could 
read it. Such a wealth of striking 
pictures painted with so few words! 
How forceful are his short lines! 

Mrs. J. W. Pratt 
Rillito, Arizona 



Era|65"1 



These Times 



The American 
Presence 
in Asia 

By Dr. G. Homer Durham 

President, Arizona State 

University, Tempe 




• In October and November 1966 
the President of the United States 
spent 17 days in the Pacific and 
East Asia sectors of the world- 
Samoa, New Zealand, Australia, 
Viet Nam, Korea, the Philippines, 
and other areas. His presence 
there symbolized the deepening 
American involvement in the prob- 
lems of Asia. 

In September 1965, National 
Geographic published the fact that 
the U.S. Air Force maintained 65 
installations overseas. These in- 
cluded Yokota Air Base in Japan; 
the headquarters of the 5th Air 



The Church 



u illustrated by 
Dale Kilbourn 



The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir, singing at the 92nd annual 
convention of the American Bankers Association in San 

Francisco's civic auditorium, was well received by nearly 4,000 

delegates. 

A recent decision of the general authorities was announced 
requesting that Sunday School teachers not take classes on 
excursions during the regular Sunday School hours. 

?1 New stake presidencies sustained. Garfield (Utah) Stake, 
J President Lorenzo C. Shurtz and counselors Malen A. Mecham 
and Reeves V. Baker; Modesto (California) Stake, President D. 
Leon Ward and counselors Ronald V. Stone and William B. Hughes. 
Elder Gordon B. Hinckley of the Council of the Twelve dedi- 
cated South Viet Nam for the preaching of the gospel. 

November 1966 

Elder Marion G. Romney of the Council of the Twelve dedi- 
cated Venezuela for the preaching of the gospel. On October 
31 he registered the Church with the government of that South 
American land. 

Thailand was dedicated for the preaching of the gospel 
by Elder Gordon B. Hinckley of the Council of the Twelve. 

It was announced that Ferdinand E. Peterson has been 

named director of the hosting committee of the Church 

information committee. He will direct several hundred hosts 

who welcome visitors to Salt Lake City and take them to points 

of interest. 

A crew of three from the British Broadcasting Corporation 
was working in Salt Lake City on a 30-minute TV and radio pro- 
gram on the Mormons. Their project will require two weeks' work 
in Salt Lake City and another two weeks in Great Britain. It is 



Jan' 66 



Force at Fuchu, Japan; Osan Air 
Base, Korea; Nana and Kadena air 
bases, Okinawa; Clark Air Base, 
Luzon, the Philippines; Andersen 
Air Base, Guam; and bases in 
Taiwan, Viet Nam, Thailand, and 
elsewhere. 

MATS, the U.S. Military Air 
Transport Service, was described 
as "the most far-flung military or- 
ganization in the world, with 
90,000 people and more than a 
thousand air-craft," a "160,000 mile 
globe-girdling network." A mighty 
U.S. fleet has patrolled the For- 
mosan Strait since 1949. Sasebo 



Naval Base in Japan is a major 
U.S. naval station. Even without 
the military buildup in South Viet 
Nam (reported as now exceeding 
that of Korea during 1950-1953), 
the American "presence" has been 
apparent. The visit of the Presi- 
dent emphasized the fact to all the 
world. 

In Anchorage, Alaska, on Novem- 
ber 2, President Johnson described 
the 17-day trip "as the most im- 
portant and most historic trip" of 
his life. 

What about its importance in the 
history of the United States and 



Moves On 



expected that the program will be viewed and heard by some 
30,000,000 people. 

New stake presidency sustained: Canyon Rim (Salt Lake 
County) Stake, President Stanley G. Smith and counselors 
Warren B. Brown and Luther W. Palmer. 

All missionaries of the Church serving in Italy are safe, after 
one of the worst floods in Italian history. Elder Ezra Taft 
Benson of the Council of the Twelve, who is traveling in Europe, 
made this report by telephone to President Hugh B. Brown. 

The Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir and the Utah National 
Guard's 23rd Army Band presented a Veteran's Day concert 
this evening in the Tabernacle. 

The First Presidency announced that General Superintendent 
George R. Hill of the Deseret Sunday School Union has 
been granted a release. Also released were members of the Sun- 
day School general board; however, the two assistant general 
superintendents, David Lawrence McKay and Lynn S. Richards, 
have been asked to continue in their posts until a new superin- 
tendency is appointed. Superintendent Hill had served in the 
position since September 1949, when he succeeded Milton Bennion. 
He was then serving as first assistant to Superintendent Bennion. 

The appointment of Mrs. Ola D. Wilcock of Salt Lake City 
to the Young Women's Mutual Improvement Association 
general board was announced. 

The First Presidency announced the appointments of Reed E. 

Callister of Glendale, California, as president of the British 
Mission, succeeding President O. Preston Robinson; and J. Peter 
Loscher, recently released as president of the Austrian Mission, as 
president of the North German Mission. He succeeds President 
Myron O. Bangerter, who is returning home on medical leave. 



Era 67 



other nations? The President's visit 
again dramatized the policy of re- 
sisting Communism in Asia, much 
as the Berlin airlift demonstrated in 
Europe nearly twenty years ago. 
But the two situations are very 
different. 

In the case of western Europe, 
American land, sea, and air forces 
occupied Germany, England, and 
France alongside British, French, 
and other allied troops. Their sup- 
port was for mature nations, 
characterized by urban life and its 
inter dependencies, and possessing 
stable governments. 

The Viet Nam war is the second 
demonstration of the American in- 
tent in Asia. The first example 
came in the Korean War fifteen 
years ago and ended in stalemate. 
The Panmunjom rituals continue 
to this day, an armed truce. The 
Korean demonstration involved, 
largely, organized warfare between 
two highly organized sides— the 
United Nations forces against the 
North Koreans and Chinese, with 
Russian supplies and support. The 
Viet Nam case involves guerilla 
warfare, an enemy whose visibility 
as an organized mass is often in- 
distinct. It is a civil war with strong 
ideological overtones. Viet Nam is 
an old country without a long re- 
cent history of governmental sta- 
bility. Rather, it is an "emerging 
nation" attempting to find itself in 
the 20th century after French 
colonial rule. 

Weapons were a major factor in 
Europe and in Korea. In Europe 
it was actually the demonstrated 
threat and capability of weapons, 
rather than their use, that deter- 
mined the outcome. In Viet Nam, 
the issue, in the long run, may well 
be the control of land and of food 
supply for the guerillas. President 
Johnson reported that he returned 
"much more confident and much 
more hopeful" than when he left. 
But the road to peace in Viet Nam 
"may be long and difficult," he 
added. 

To many, the American presence 
in Asia represents superior fire- 
power and weaponry. So appeared 
the Portuguese, the British, the 
Dutch, and the French in former 
days. What can the American 
presence do to convince the Asiatic 
farmer that there is a better way 
than the Viet Cong or the red 
guard? This question faces us in 
1967. 



Melchizedek 
Priesthood 






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• The number of kind acts done by many people to 
others is beyond counting. Because of the principle 
taught to Christians in their youth that one must not 
let the left hand know what the right hand is doing, 
and its corollary to the effect that one gives his alms 
in secret, that the Lord may reward him openly, 
these kindly acts are difficult to ferret out. Yet we 
occasionally need to know of them to reassure our- 
selves that good deeds are indeed worthwhile, that 
their effects are as far reaching as if they have no 
end. 

We learned of such a deed a few days ago. We 
do not know the names of the people concerned, nor 
do we know the name of the bishop, but we do 
know that the deed was done and the persons in- 
volved given the lift necessary at the moment of 
need. This is the story: 

Elder Jones and his family ( name fictitious ) moved 
into a Salt Lake City suburb from Phoenix, Arizona. 
They had loaded the furniture and other possessions 
into a large rented trailer and pulled the whole load 
with their own car. To complicate the task of moving, 
Mrs. Jones had broken her arm the day before they 
left Phoenix. The move brought them in the neigh- 
borhood of a sister-in-law, who immediately came 
over to help unload. 

Elder Jones and his sister-in-law with the help of 
three children had unloaded a part of the trailer, 
but the remainder consisted of the heavy furniture 
and appliances. Elder Jones wondered how he would 
get this material in the house. 

Just then up the sidewalk came two men. One 
extended his hand. 

"I am the bishop of this ward; are you folks Latter- 
day Saints?" 



"Yes," said Elder Jones. 

"We have an urgent call up the street, but if you 
will rest for a few minutes, there will be someone 
here to lift the heavy furniture," said the bishop. He 
and his companion walked on. 

About fifteen minutes later porch lights suddenly 
went on up and down the street. From ten nearby 
houses came ten young men who were soon standing 
at the trailer. 

"The bishop says you are moving in and need some 
help. Now you direct us where to put the furniture." 

In thirty minutes the trailer was empty, the furni- 
ture in place, and the young men were back to their 
newspapers, their TV programs, or their family home 
evenings. 

Such acts, giving aid and buoying up the spirits of 
those new in the ward, and nonmembers too, are 
often done, their occurrence passing notice because 
they want no notice. But they are the acts that put 
the breath of life into the body and give us all 
spiritual strength. We are organized as a church to 
do these acts quickly and well. We court them and 
do them, and we are glad that they are acts worthy 
of the priesthood. 

But let us not forget that, worthy as the above- 
mentioned occurrence was, and as proud as we are 
of the men who performed the deed, the fact that 
we are organized to serve should not make us deaf 
to needs that we can assume to help without awaiting 
the bishop's call. In our opinion, those neighbors, 
seeing the trailer, should have known there would 
be need and should not have waited for the bishop 
to call them to their duty. They performed the duty 
well. They responded to the bishop. But had they 
noticed, they would not have waited for the bishop. O 



Era 69 



CI 



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Presiding Bishopric's Page 



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llWstrSpted by Dale Kilbourn 



All right, 

Bishop, what 
are we going 
to do about it? 



• THE PROBLEM: The bishop first learned about 
it late Tuesday evening when the phone rang and he 
heard the earnest voice of one of the high councilors. 
After a pleasant exchange of words, the voice on the 
other end laughed with some slight embarrassment, 
and then got down to business: 

"You know, Bishop, we've just had our weekly 
high council meeting, and I've been asked to call 
you." There was a slight pause. "We spent a good 
deal of time going over the problems presented by 
the Aaronic Priesthood— Youth committee. I'm a 
member, as you know, and we discussed the statis- 
tical end quite a bit." Another pause. "The president 
was quite unhappy about some of the wards, the 
ones who are down so far in priesthood meeting 
attendance. . ." 

The bishop waited for him to go on, listening 
carefully to the words, the explanations. He won- 
dered how many times had he made the same kind 
of call: cheer them up, pay them a compliment or 
two, then get to the point. 

". . . so it seems your ward doesn't stack up very 
high with the rest of the stake. In fact, your teachers 
quorum has been at the very bottom two months in 
a row now." 

The bishop sat and listened. He understood the 
call and its need. He was very much aware of his 
teachers quorum and where they stood statistically, 
but he also was aware of the MIA and the Primary. 
They were on top of the stake statistics. And he 
rated high in many other areas. A little resentment 
edged into his mind, and he smiled as the high coun- 
cilor's words broke through his thoughts. ". . . and 
so, since the Aaronic Priesthood is your main responsi- 
bility, it was suggested that if you put your strongest 
man in as the teachers quorum adviser, it would 
certainly. . . ." 

He held the smile. Everything seemed to be his 
main responsibility; everyone wanted him to put his 
strongest man in the one key position. Yet, a point 
was being made over the phone: the Aaronic Priest- 
hood really was his main responsibility. But what 
could he do? And where was there another strong 
man to strengthen the teachers? 

"Well, I know you're awfully busy ... so I won't 
keep you any longer. The president said to be sure 
and congratulate you on the tremendous job your 
MIA is doing. It's leading the stake, you know." 
Another wry smile crept across his face as the bishop 
hung up the phone. 

But the high councilor was right: the Aaronic 
Priesthood should have been his principal considera- 
tion. He'd put a lot of time into the MIA over the 
past few months, and he was proud, indeed, of the 



Jan[70 



burgeoning accomplishments there. But in so doing, 
perhaps he had neglected his teachers quorum. 

A sigh escaped as he sat there thinking. It was 
late now, but it would be bright and sunny Sunday 
morning when he'd be telling his counselors of the 
phone call. He winced a bit as he contemplated 
exactly how his second counselor would look when 
he'd lean over and say, in that eternally cheery voice: 
"All right, Bishop, what are we going to do about it?" 

THE SOLUTION: Several days had given him time 
for preparation when this query came up, as he 
knew it would. He now had a comfortable feeling 
about it. He'd done something he hadn't done in a 
good long time: he'd read carefully the Aaronic 
Priesthood handbook. But he was anxious to test 
his own feelings against those of his counselors. 

"Frankly, brethren, while I appreciate the sugges- 
tion that we put a stronger man in as quorum adviser, 
I wonder if that will really solve our problem. I 
mean, I personally feel that Brother Bennett has made 
an honest effort in this position, and I'm wondering 
just where we'd get a better man without disrupting 
some other organization. I think the problem with 
the teachers quorum goes deeper than merely 
strengthening the adviser." 

The bishop leaned back. His counselors had been 
with him for several years, and they both recognized 
this as their invitation to comment. 

"Bishop, since my assignment is - with the teachers, 
I'd like to back you up in supporting Brother Bennett. 
He's a good fellow. But I'd also like to point out 
that we have a relatively small quorum— just twelve 
boys. If only four boys are absent, that drops us 
down to 66 percent." 

"Oh, I don't really think we're talking about per- 
centages," said the bishop. "I think we're talking 
about four boys. What the stake says is true enough. 
Our teachers quorum is in bad shape. The only 
thing is, they have to cite statistics; but we can give 
their percentages names, boys' names. It's the four 
or five boys we seem to be losing that concern me 
most, and after them I'm worried about the 
presidency." 

"The presidency?" exclaimed the first counselor. 
"Why, we have our finest boys in that teachers 
presidency. They don't give us a minute's trouble." 
He said this with finality, but the bishop quickly 
picked him up on it. 

"That's right, not a minute's trouble or a minute's 
help." He was ready to make his point now, so he 
leaned forward, resting both hands on the table. 
"Brethren, I submit that we've failed the teachers 
presidency, and that they in turn have failed the boys 
we're losing. I suggest that the proper order of the 



Aaronic Priesthood is for us to train the presidencies 
and for them to train their quorums." 

Both counselors shuffled nervously, but he went on: 
"You know, I did a great thing after that phone call, 
something I hadn't done since they called us into 
the bishopric. I dusted off my Aaronic Priesthood 
manual and read it— every word! And I want you to 
know that we've missed the boat as far as training 
these boys to become leaders in the Church is con- 
cerned." He was silent, letting his words sink in. 
"Why, how can we ever hope to teach them respect 
for priesthood authority when we've been so hap- 
hazard about having them hold their meeting as a 
presidency? When did they hold the last one, or, 
more importantly, when did they hold one in which 
they really shouldered their responsibilities in regard 
to getting out their inactive members? Or making 
assignments stick? 

"When a teacher takes an assignment and then 
sloughs it off, who fills in for him? A member of the 
presidency. But does anyone ever say anything to 
him? Is he ever counseled or cautioned or loved or 
reproached?" There was a longer silence now. "I 
maintain, and I see it clearly now, that the responsi- 
bility for shaping up the quorum isn't. ours. It isn't 
even Brother Bennett's. It belongs to them— the boys, 
the presidency!" And then he added softly and with 
a finality of his own, "But the responsibility for giving 
this vision, this challenge to the presidency, will 

always be ours." 

# # # « # 

Nearly six months later, sitting again in their office, 
the bishopric faced two anxious young men. One of 
the boys, the smiling one, was a teacher, an active 
member of an active quorum. A half year earlier he'd 
been wholly inactive, merely a statistic on a report 
bandied about one night in high council meeting. 
Now he stood before the bishop a little ill at ease but 
nevertheless proud of what he was about to say. 

"Bishop, you know Tom here. He's been coming 
out to church regularly with me for quite a while. 
He's been pretty active in our quorum, except, of 
course, he can't take some of the assignments, since 
he isn't a member of the Church. Now he wants to 
join. However, Tom's father doesn't want him to be 
baptized. Of course, that's just because he doesn't 
really understand. So I told Tom I was sure you 
would go see his dad and. . . ." 

The bishop was already lost in a reverie of thought. 
And satisfying as those words were, yet he shuddered 
slightly at the next words he'd hear after they'd 
gone, when that cheery-voiced counselor would look 
squarely at him and say: "All right, Bishop, what are 
we going to do about it?"0 



Era 71 



• "And what do you want to be 
when you are grown up?" asked a 
TV personality of a small girl. 
Without hesitation she answered, "I 
want to be a mommy with lots of 
children." Was that your wish as 
a child? And have your dreams 
come true? Surely you are still 
dreaming and setting new goals so 
that you might live happily ever 
after. 

I don't mean that now that you 
have your family you should think 
about getting out of your home to 
move on to what some people call 
"bigger things." I mean you should 
dream of bigger things in the home. 
You can lift yourself out of the 
mundane and be a better wife, a 
better mother, and a better person 
than you have ever been before. 
Your challenge is how and where 
to begin. The ground you cover in 
your life is not always a test of the 
depth within you. Take time to 
examine yourself. Know how much 
of you is "gold" and how much is 
worthless glitter. Be honest with 
yourself in this evaluation, and you 
will see what you have become and 
have a vision of your possibilities. 

One mother, with the means to 
do it, picked up her family and 
traveled some two hundred miles 
at the beginning of the summer 
and settled herself and seven chil- 
dren at a university. She had 
decided to study for her master's 
degree. Last summer was her sec- 
ond one spent on this project. 
When asked how she managed the 
children in a strange place, she 
answered, "The small ones are 
wonderfully taken care of in the 
nursery school, and the older ones 
take classes in French, swimming, 
dancing, and music." What an en- 
riching time this could be for a 
family. 

You may not be able to do 
this even if you have the desire, 
but there are many things you can 
do to make yourself and your life 
more interesting and worthwhile. 
You could organize your life in 
order to find more time to spend 



with your husband and children. 
You could work at making the 
minutes you have with them richer 
and more joyous. It isn't just giv- 
ing birth to children that makes a 
real mother; it is what she is able 
to do with and for each child day 
in and day out, year after year, 
until the child reaches maturity. 
Even then this mothering doesn't 
stop, but in later years it should 
be done with a "hands-off, no- 
advice-given-unless-asked-for pol- 
icy." Your maternal instincts can 
enrich the lives of your grand- 
children if you spend time alone 
with each one, lifting, understand- 




as a mother? Have you learned 
from experiences, books, and peo- 
ple, and become wiser and richer 
each day? Or have you just stag- 
nated? The choice is really your 
own. 

Are you a get-your-husband- 
off-to-work-and-the-children-off-to 
school-in-a-haphazard-way person? 
And then do you go to the tele- 
phone, to the TV, to a "nothing" 
day? Or do you have goals to 
work toward?— such daily goals as, 
"Today I am going to have a posi- 
tive attitude toward life; nothing 
negative is going to be thought or 
said." Or, "Today I'm going to 



/ 



fif^" 



ing, and reaching him as an 
individual. 

Look back to your wedding day. 
Did you think, "This is life's pin- 
nacle. I have attained, I have 
reached my goal, and now I can 
lean back"? Generally at this time 
less than one third of life has been 
lived. Surely the other two thirds 










should not be spent sliding down- find time to listen to some good 

hill. music and bring my children under 

Glancing back at ten, twenty, its spell." Or, "Today I'm going to 

forty, or even fifty years of married act like a lady, never deviating.' 

life, what have you become? Are This list could go on and on. 

you a success as a person, as a wife, Longer goals should also be set, 



Jan 72^ 






Illustrated by Ruth Glick 



such as, "Today I'll register for a 
class in art, writing, music, religion, 
or language." Or, "This entire 
year I'll never think of myself first; 
my husband and children shall 
always be my first consideration." 
Or, "This season I'll give a bigger 
part of myself to my church work; 
it is important." Or, "From now 
on I'll work at being the wife my 
husband can be proud of and I'll 
live in such a way that my chil- 
dren will enjoy my company." 

If these and other goals are set 
and worked toward, each day will 
be good, the looking back on 
life will be enjoyable, and you will 
be successful in your "career" of 
living. 

A New Year's Resolution : 
Better Breakfasts 

One area in which every family 
can improve is in food planning 
and preparation for the first meal 
of the day. This early morning 



time of day. I don't know anyone 
who relishes a rich chocolate 
sundae upon arising, but that 
doesn't preclude a small scoop of 
vanilla ice cream in an eggnog for 
that teenage girl who is always on 
the run. Many is the time I slipped 
two eggs in an eggnog to guarantee 
nourishment for a high school 
daughter before she left for school, 
She never knew the extra egg was 
there, but the energy generated 
was rewarding. Meat, soup, cheese, 
and vegetables can all be included 
in the breakfast menu. This is the 
actual breaking of a twelve-hour 
fast, and the body needs replen- 
ishing. 

Let us plan interesting, nutritious 
breakfasts for early-day "get-going" 
power. 





By Florence 
B. Pinnock 



meal can be a favorite if individual 
likes and dislikes are considered. 
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GENERAL FOODS 
KITCHENS 



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1. Apple Juice 
Savory Poached Eggs on 

Wheat Toast* 
Milk 

2. Hot Cereal with Brown Sugar 

Bacon Sandwich 
Pineapple-Grapefruit Juice 

3. Chicken with Rice Soup 
Easy Scrambled Eggs* 

Blueberry Muffins 
Milk 

4. Cheese Baked Egg Cups* 

Orange Prunes* 

Cinnamon Toast 

Milk 

5. Fruit Cocktail 
Poached Eggs on Deviled 

Ham Toast* 
Milk 



6. Mugs of Hot Tomato Soup 

Corn Fritters— Bacon 
Pears Floating in Orange Juice 

7. Deluxe Pears* 
Pancakes with Hot Spiced 

Applesauce* 
Milk Postum 

8. Spiced Tomato Juice 
Creamed Chip Beef 

over Waffles 

9. Teenage Special* 
Pineapple Frappe 

Milk 

10. Omelet with Crumpled Bacon 
Herbed Cream Cheese Spread 

on Toasted Sesame Rolls 

Peach Shortcake 

Milk 



*Recipes given for starred menu items. 



Recipes 



Postum is a registered trademark of General Foods Corp. 



Savory Poached Eggs 

(6 servings) 

2 tablespoons butter 

1 can condensed cream of mushroom 
soup 

y 2 cup milk 

6 eggs 
Salt and pepper to taste 

6 slices buttered whole wheat toast 

Melt the butter in a heavy skillet. Blend 
the soup and milk, add to butter in 
skillet, and heat to boiling (do not let 
it scorch). Gently slip eggs, one at a 
time, into the sauce. Cook over very 
low heat until the whites are firm. Place 
each egg on a slice of toast. Top with 
the sauce. Serve immediately. 

Easy Scrambled Eggs 

(4 servings) 

8 eggs 
V4 cup milk 
Vz teaspoon salt 
Dash of pepper 

2 tablespoons butter 
Chives 

Break the eggs into a bowl; add the 
milk, salt, and pepper. Beat thoroughly 
with a fork. Melt the butter in a double 
boiler over boiling water; add egg mix- 
ture and stir now and then until eggs 
thicken. Turn off heat. Keep stirring 
eggs until they are firm. 



Cheese Baked Egg Cups 

(4 servings) 

6 slices bacon 

4 slices toast 
Melted butter 

4 eggs 
Salt and pepper 
Vz cup shredded Cheddar cheese 

Partially fry the bacon. Trim the toast 
into rounds to fit bottoms of muffin 
cups. Brush with melted butter. Line 
sides of each muffin cup with \ l /z 
strips bacon. Break eggs, one at a 
time, into custard cup and slip into 
toast ring; season with salt and pepper. 
Top each egg with 2 tablespoons 
cheese. Bake in a 325° F. oven for 
about 20 minutes or to the desired 
firmness. Remove from pan carefully 
with spatula; serve at once. 

Orange Prunes 

(6 servings) 

1 pound dried prunes 

2 small cinnamon sticks 
1 orange, thinly sliced 

V4 cup brown sugar 

Cover the prunes with water. Add the 
cinnamon; cover and simmer 20 min- 
utes. Add the orange slices and brown 
sugar; continue cooking about 8 min- 
utes longer or until orange is tender. 
Chill. 



[Jan[74 




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GIVE YOUR 
FAMILY BETTER 
HEALTH THIS 
HOLIDAY 
SEASON 



On the next festive occasion let your family enjoy 
rolls, bread, buns, cookies, and pastries made 
with whole wheat flour. Better to eat, and better 
for them. You'll know it's good because you 
made it. Let your farrwly be the judge and jury. 
Write for details on four models Lee Household 
Mills so your family can enjoy homemade whole 
wheat bakery, rich in B complex vitamins. 

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Poached Eggs on 
Deviled Ham Toast 

Poach the eggs gently to the desired 
firmness. Serve on hot toast that 
has been spread with deviled ham. 

Deluxe Pears 

Spoon chilled apricot nectar over 
canned pears. Garnish with a thin 
slice of lemon or lime. 

Pancakes with Hot Spiced Apple- 
sauce: To one 15-ounce can apple- 
sauce add l / 2 teaspoon fresh lemon 
juice, V& teaspoon cinnamon, a dash of 
ground cloves, and Vi CU P brown 
sugar. Heat through and serve over 
little hot pancakes. This makes 2 
cups of sauce. 

Teenage Special 

(6 servings) 

iy 2 pounds ground beef 
Vi cup finely chopped onion 
Y 3 cup finely chopped green pepper 
2 tablespoons shortening 
1 can condensed mushroom soup 
Y 2 cup milk 
Y 2 teaspoon salt 

6 large English muffins, split and 
toasted 
Paprika 

Cook the onion and green pepper in 
the shortening until tender. Add the 
ground beef and cook until browned. 
Pour off all drippings. (This part can 
be done the night before.) Combine 
soup, milk, and salt and add to the 



beef mixture. Cook until heated 
through — about 5 minutes. Serve on 
toasted English muffins. Sprinkle 
with paprika. 

Pineapple Frappe 

(6 servings) 

1 can pineapple juice (1 pint, 

2 ounces) 
1 pint orange sherbet 
1 orange, sliced thin 

Chill the pineapple juice well. Blend 
in electric blender or mixer with the 
slightly softened orange sherbet. Serve 
at once with a twist of orange slice as 
garnish. 

Wake-up Consomme 

1 can condensed consomme 

1 can tomato soup 

1 can water 

Heat, serve, and enjoy. 



A Correction 

In the December Era, page 1176, 
the ingredients for the sauce to go 
over Dorothy P. Holt's cranberry 
pudding were incorrectly given. 
The correct recipe should read: 

Vi pound (1 cube) butter 
1 cup sugar 

1 cup half and half cream 
1 teaspoon vanilla 

Mix together and cook in top part of 
double boiler until slightly thickened. 
Serve hot. 



Home, Sweet Home 



A happy new year is: 

a 3-year-old child able to count 
to 100. 

a 5-year-old child whose kinder- 
garten teacher loves little 
children. 

a 6-year-old girl with no front 
teeth. 

an 8-year-old boy whose father 
baptized him. 

a 12-year-old who goes to girl's 
camp for the first time, 
a 16-year-old teenager who has 
his driving license, 
an 18-year-old boy reading a 
letter of acceptance to the college 
of his choice. 

a 19-year-old young man with a 
mission call, 
a 22-year-old girl saying, "We 



will be married in June, and I'm 

going to help him get his 

doctor's degree." 

a 24-year-old couple looking down 

into a crib and saying, "He's 

ours; he's perfect." 

a 45-year-old man with an arm 

around his new son-in-law. 

a 48-year-old grandmother saying, 

"This is the most beautiful 

baby in the whole world." 

a 70-year-old woman claiming, 

"I'm far too young to have a 

great-grandchild." 

a 71-year-old man maintaining 

that life begins with a 

great-grandson. 

an 80-year-old grandparent 

surrounded by a family who cares. 

— FBP 



Jan 76 



Pearls & 
Perils of 

Home Evening 



Illustrated by Ted Nagata 




Love at h 



s wonderful! 




By John J Stewart 

University Editor and Professor 

of Journalism, Utah State University 

• When your young son and daughter come sit on 
your knee, snuggle up comfortably, look at you 
expectantly, and say, "Daddy, tell us what it was 
like, living in the olden days," then you know it's 
later than you think. 

But who can resist an invitation like that, with 
such an appreciative audience? And anyway, it's 
part of the fun of family home evening, the only 
program in our house with a higher rating than TV. 
All through the week the children ask, "When are 
we going to have home evening?" They are even 
willing to build the fire in the fireplace, bringing in 
the coal, logs, and kindling wood. Having a fire in 
the fireplace may not really be necessary, but it gives 
the parlor the extra touch of coziness that home 
evening deserves. It's sort of like the evening 
campfire on the plains. 

Striking the long-stemmed match and touching it 
to the fire gives our son, Robert Lane, a thrill that 
only a ten-year-old can fully appreciate. (It's always 
more comforting to the rest of us when he remembers 
to open the draft first.) 

With the lighting of the fire we are ready to begin 
our program. Usually I ask one of the children to 
offer the opening prayer. What pleasure there is in 
hearing a child pray. At that moment God seems 
very close. 

After the prayer we sing a hymn together. For- 
tunately, my wife and our three children have good 
singing voices. Four out of five seems a good 
percentage. 

Then comes the lesson, and everyone participates 
in the discussion. As we listen to the children's 
contributions we gain an ever greater appreciation 
of the worth of the Sunday School, Primary, and MIA 
in their lives. W T e are impressed with their under- 
standing, their willingness to participate, and the 
challenging questions they raise— questions more easily 



asked than answered. For instance, "Where will 
Peppy and Pouncey go when they die?" (They're 
the dog and cat, and it's important.) Or, one that 
I dread to think about, "If it's wrong to shoot birds 
with a BB gun, why isn't it wrong to shoot ducks 
with a shotgun?" 

After the lesson and consideration of any family 
problems comes the entertainment, the first part of 
which is a talent hour, completely unrehearsed— as is 
all too obvious, in some cases. But to fond parents, 
the numbers by the children are precious. And to 
long-suffering children, those by the parents are 
tolerable (although more than once it has been 
hinted that Dad's part should be shifted ahead to the 
"family problems" portion of the program). 

Rebecca, age 20, plays the piano and also does a 
creative dance— not at the same time. She does each 
well. Mary Helen, age 12, plays the piano, too. 
Then she and Robbie stage an original skit, sort of 
improvised. They each have a Shetland pony, Mokey 
and Apache, and usually impersonate them in a great 
horse fight or rodeo. It's exciting— and dangerous. 
They've received no academy awards yet, but it 
compares well with most of television. They also 
have some stories to tell or riddles to pose. For in- 
stance. "Why didn't the little boy brush his teeth?" 
Dunno. "He didn't want his mother to fall down 
the stairs." And that throws new light on one family 
problem. 

My wife usually reads a pioneer incident from the 
family historical record, which reminds us all of our 
debt to our forbearers. 

Then comes my part. Though they all know what 
it is going to be, they try to remain cheerful. I play 
"Red River Valley" on the harmonica, which unfor- 
tunately has one side missing. I have thought of 
replacing it, but then what would I use as an excuse? 
Sometimes they applaud when I'm finished. Once 



Era 77 




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I mistook this for an encore request 
and tried a second number. But 
just then the phone rang, and they 
all rushed from the room to answer 
it. Even when I'm doing "Red 
River Valley," it seems that the fire 
always needs stirring or the dog 
wants out. One night Robbie 
patted me on the cheek comfort- 
ingly and said, "That's all right, 
Dad; you'll do better next week." 
Love at home. It's wonderful. 

Next come the games. My 
favorite is drop the clothespin in 
the bottle. You don't have to move 
and you don't have to think. Some- 
times we go down to the recrea- 
tion room and play dodge ball or 
four-square. However, the latter 
is a little crowded and awkward 
with five of us. But mostly we 
have a treasure hunt, which either 
Robbie or Mary Helen has laid 
out ahead of time. Usually it's 
confined to the house and yard. But 
one time it took us down over the 
hill to the horse pasture and up 
into the hayloft, which is as far 
as I got. 

After the games come the re- 
freshments, and by then they're 
really needed. Fortunately, the 
refreshments are always of high 
quality. My wife and daughters see 
to that. There are few things 
better than a good homemade 
banana cream pie or cherry cob- 
bler to build family harmony and 
unity. 

And so with the last delicious 
bite, our family home evening 
comes to a close, and it's time now 
to retire to bed. But, there are still 
embers glowing in the fireplace, 
and one, then another, finds his 
way back into the parlor. 

We are fortunate in having, from 
our parlor window, a superb view 
of beautiful, pastoral Cache Valley, 
with the lofty, snow-covered Wells - 
ville mountains standing guard in 
the distance, and of the Logan 
Temple, keeping a watch over the 
city nearby. At night this majes- 
tic, brilliantly illuminated temple 



Jan 78 



stands, it seems, in mid-air, like a 
giant celestial gem, its light fusing 
with that of the stars in the heavens 
above it. 

We gaze in awe and wonder at 
the starry heavens above, at the 
myriad constellations, countless 
worlds in orbit, a constantly ex- 
panding, never-ending universe, 
with innumerable galaxies and 
solar systems of stars and planets, 
all in motion, in the most exact and 
perfect order, in an eternal, celes- 
tial pattern, all carefully governed 
by the power of the Holy Priest- 
hood of God. 

We marvel at God's infinite 
creative powers and at his good- 
ness, that he would share this great 
glory with us, let us look upon his 
vast creations, and in humility feel 
a oneness with him. "For behold, 
this is my work and my glory— to 
bring to pass the immortality and 
eternal life of man." We more 
fully appreciate the importance of 
family home evening as we realize 
that the purpose in God's great 
creative powers and the splendor 
of his universe center right here in 
the home and family. 

And we think that perhaps, 
somewhere out there on a planet 
of celestial glory, God himself is 
calling loved ones together for a 
family home evening. O 



Roots 
By Alice Briley 

If I were wise 
As a winter tree, 
I would never doubt 
That spring would be. 
A kinder sun, 
A sky more blue 
Would only prove 
What I always knew. 
My arms might ache 
With the pain of snow, 
But I would be rooted 
In spring below. 



Era 79 





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End of an Era 



We could progress a great 
deal faster, and could prosper 
a thousand times more than 
we do if we would be one 
in carrying out the counsels 
given us by the Lord through 
his servants. — President 
John Taylor 



Primary teacher: "Now, Johnny, 
what do you think a land flowing 
with milk and honey would be 
like?" Johnny: "Sticky!" 



We need mercy; then let us 
be merciful. We need charity; 
let us be charitable. We 
need forgiveness ; let us forgive. 
Let us do unto others what 
we would that they should 
do unto us. Let us welcome the 
new year and dedicate to 
it our best efforts, our loyal 
service, our love and fellowship, 
and our supplication for 
the welfare and happiness of 
all mankind. — President 
Joseph F. Smith 



Knowledge is a process of piling 
up facts; wisdom lies in their 
simplification. — Martin H. Fischer 



"Can you tell me ivhy the 
hand of the Statue of Liberty 
is just eleven inches long?" 
"Certainly. If they had made 
it an inch longer it would 
have been a foot." 



The roads are very dirty, my 

boots are very thin, 

I have a little pocket to put a 

penny in. 

God send you happy, God send 

you happy, 

God send you a happy New-Year! 

— Old English carol 

A warm January; a cold May. 
— -Welsh proverb 



As the mother of eight lively young children, I get 
few opportunities to go out in the evening. One Thursday 
night as I was dressing, my six-year-old son asked, 
"Where's Mom going tonight?" "To Relief Society," 
answered his older sister. "What's Relief Society?" 
piped up a four year old. With all the wisdom of 
his years, the six year old replied, "I don't know, but 
it is a relief for Mom to go to it !" 

Submitted by: Kathleen O'Rourke, 361 Congress Street, Troy, N.Y. 

A young mother held her small son as she waited outside a Primary classroom 
for her older boy to be dismissed. Finally the door opened, and the older boy 
came out. Stuck in the middle of his forehead was a bright star, put 
there by the teacher in recognition of his reverence. The smaller child, 
noticing the star, began crying for one also. This resourceful mother calmly 
and deftly opened her purse, found a trading stamp, licked it, and placed 
it on the little boy's brow. The family left the church, all smiles. 

Submitted by: E. J. Lewis, 4303 Collister, Boise, Idaho 



i-g-vrl 






Burden 

By Virginia Maughan Kammeyer 



Little child in church attire, 
Victim of unwelcome fame. 
Life has handed you a problem; 
Things will never be the same. 

Little whispers you must silence, 

Little fingers you must fold; 

Stop your wiggles, 

Stifle giggles; 

You've a duty to uphold. 



You will never more be privileged 
Like the other juveniles; 
Little ones in your position 
Do not clatter down the aisles. 

Every eye will be upon you 
When you sing and when you pray, 
For your father was made bishop 
Just a week ago today. 



Next month: Justice 






Jan 80 



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